Herzl Comedy Therapy by Dr. Meshiah

Herzl Comedy Therapy by Dr. Meshiah

/Edited by Geo Cosmos Kex-Qu’emetti/


Cast (played by 2 real actors and they are also giving their voice to  two puppets)


Mr. Hans Israel male 45 – 65. Estranged Husband of Mme Palestina. Project Manager. /Only a Head/Mask/


Madame Palestina female 45 – 65.  Lady. Estranged wife of Mr. I. Intellectual. Introverted. /Only a Head Mask/


Miss America female 25 -45. Gouvernante. Business manager. Extroverted. Real actress


Rudi Europe  male  25 -45.  Tourist. Challenged. Real actor.




(This text stems from „Karoly Drugeth” a pseudonyme from 1902…it is beginning with the scene leading up to the „Fugitive” of Herzl and the ending of the play. Edited by  a descendant, Geo Cosmos Kex-Qu’emetti)



Scene: a therapy Insitutute – on the balcony. Palms, mirrors, canapés.


Two ladies and two young men sleeping…


On the beds or chairs on the Institute terrace we see three jackets with Red X-letters on their back (like the Sonderkommando jackets in the Son of Saul…hinting at the fact that ressurection happens in Auschwitz=Hell and also a hint to our gestire of „Hommage á Saul/Röhrig”


Messiah Rabbi (only his Voice):

Ladies and Gentlemen  in the name of the  Doctor Messiah Rehabilitation Therapy Institute I am welcoming you on board! As I am perusing our Client’s List…You are Frederic the Great from Prussia, ressurected…and you…Madame, yes, Queen Christina from before hundred years …welcome, Sire…and my best wishes to you too, Empress Elisabeth!



I protest! I do no want to be ressurected!  And certainly not by a Jew!

Messiah Rabbi:

This inner struggle has been overcome in the last centuries – everyone loves everyone…They have invented the technique of the saving on nano-computer of the brain and so Eternal Life is here…willy-nilly…That is why you are here…You will be asked to participate in a small theatrical play in which you will be informed about the most important event: namely that Jews have created a state for themselves…Because the coming of the Meshiah (myself) has a precondition: the other people must accept the Jews. And they must accept themselves to live an Eternal life. …



I do not want to live forever!



I do not want to change!  I do not think that therapy is possible!


This musical comedy will have hopefully some healing effect.



I do not want to heal.



It  was written by a journalist called Theodor Herzl, who while writing this comedy was told by a friend , that the protagonists should be given names by  calling them the name of the great powers –  the area of their ancestors.


I was always told that the problem with them – or with you, Rabbi, I am sorry – is that you do not even believe there exists a Massiah or Christ in Greek! You even killed him!


Oh, but this is just a lie that has been diffused everywhere like the blood libel…Those who were Candidate  Messiahs were many times killed by the wordly authorities, yes…But  at the Real Coming – like now – everyone loves everybody else, so there is no Jew-hatred any more …and this is the period when the Dead are Ressurected..Like us here…If these two preconditions are not present – then the Age is not yet ripe for the Coming of the Messiah.


Frederic (wants to embrace the Messiah): Okay, I…I am able to… I feel that…I am sorry, I am in love with you.
Messiah Rabbi: (tries to stay away)

But this is a compulsive symptom…Unfortunately you are unable to embrace me as I do not have  a body as yet!
Frederic: ( tries to hug him harder)

No! Impossible!
Messiah Rabbi: (pulling away his head /a  mask  depicting a messianic figure,  like Herzl himself/ )

Well, we will have to discuss in what way you may be able to help me in my building up a body so that I indeed may appear to people!
Frederic: ( crying in pain)

You do not have a body? (he sits down on the canapé/couch)


Ah, it will not be an easy task…I doubt I will be good for my role…I am not any more that demonic woman who would be needed here…Would it not be possible to bring to life another ancestress of ours? Or a descendante?  Like Sissy, The Empress of Austria?



Yes, I believe in Sissy too…A decendante of ours…She had such beautiful hair…She broke down after the suicide of her son…although she did not care for him before…Christina, we had common ancestors, I remember your legends…you did kill your lover, is that true? I was worried about that to tell you the truth.


Christina: /to Frederic/

Anyway I hear you are attracted by other men…or father figures.  That is why you were worried when hearing about me executing that traitor Monaldeschi.

Sissy (waking up on the couch):

What is happening …Where are we now?…So Eternal Life exists ? I never believed in this…


This is the Ressurection Institute. The Messiah is in the process of ressurrecting us, because we are the Three Kings who Speak Hebrew…Obviously, he is using this language. It is just logical that  he needs us, when he tries to ressurect everyone else, and we will be the Hebrew teachers of those coming after us.


Oh…But I only knew one word…




But that is the most important word…the Verb To be! Yeah-How-We …it rhymes to these words and means Futurator! Creating a new future…It begings with creating love…where there is none at first.


Oh I am quite astonished…in my former life…I mean before I got ressurrected…I was unable to even look at the women around me…I was only seeking the company of men. And now this Rabbi here says I will have to go to therapy…If that is possible.


Therapy?  What kind of therapy?  They want to change me? There was only one person I could love…Catherine Schratt…I organized everything so as to everyone should believe she is the mistress of Franz Joseph…I do not think this may ever be changed.


I remember, my father was a Jew-hater…and my best friend, Voltaire also…But in spite of this, I do not know anything real about Jews…But I do hear that you, Sissy, you even went to visit them in their Synagogues…And you,  Christina, you had as teacher the master of the great philosophe, Spinoza, who was thaught also by  your teacher, Menashe ben Israel…




I only know about Spinoza, that he claimed that the Creator is none other than Nature…He was the  favorite of Heine, whom I loved so much…We should help to ressurrect them too…But I wonder if the fact of his family’s conversion to Christianity will be a stumbling block in his ressurrection?



Oh I read in this brochure about our Institute that they will try to ressurect those Rabbis, who were our contemporaries back in our lifetime, the one who could have been the Messiah then, if we – people living back then – would have been doing everything to make peace among us…between the Jews and other people…The Yeah-Holders (to give them this rhyming name ) their Rabbis are able to see the Future…Maybe my Rabbi will tell me something about my future…They do  have  a weekly  melody that can be found in the contemporary Operas…which we Kings have sung too…



And the rule is that the  Messiah will be given the Body Parts of that contemporary Rabbi of yours in order to appear before the people…And those Body Parts appear in the text of the Operas that are found coincidental with the Weekly Bible Melody…You must know that the Bible has a special Code that uses Body Part Images…Some scientists have discovered that infants in their first months make correspondances between Body Parts and Parents…If they see the earth they think it is the Back of Daddy…or seeing the sky they imagINA that it is the Breast of Mummy…


So the goal of our Ressurection is to make peace with our forgotten unknown contemporary Rabbi?


My rabbi was  Menashe ben Israel, who has persuaded Cromwell to  let the Jews return to England…as they are the Holders of the Future…


My contemporary Wonder Rabbi was called  Yosef Yitzhak, he was the son of the Lubavitcher Rebbe – and he was accompanying his father to Professor Freud the inventor of Psycho-Analysis, because he had doubts. Just having a Midlife Crisis.



That is a kind idea that he will introduce me to a rabbi Contemporary of mine…I wonder…I think he was called the Baal Shem Tov…The Owner of the Good Name…As the name of God Yeah-How-We means Future and the only word rhyming to it is Love – Yohev…Anyone having this knowledge is able to create love in his heart…from nothing..without any cause…As the name of the Creator is then following his desires…


You seem to be a bit worried, Sire…to meet a few Rabbis…They are not yet present in our Institute…If he would be here he would maybe be too afraid from Ressurected Past Kings…who used to be rather cruel with Jews sometimes…First of all we should see which Body Part of my Rabbi Ancestors I should be asking from them…To choose those Body Parts we have to listen to some melodies…For this we need  a play in which music has a crucial role…The Fugitive – this comedy of Herzl, the founder of the State of Israel is just such a play.


Oh yes…Another Melody each week…And we do know now that we inherit hormonally some of the emotions of our ancestors…And during the yearly Bible reading the weekly melodies are always repeated each year around the same date…So we just have to search for important historic dates….Am I mistaken?


Rabbi  /Voice/:

No, You are right Madame..or Sire? But you have abandoned your Throne…So yes, each weekly melody can be coupled with a stress constellation in different historical situations: and we will use the 50-years cycles of the so called Jubilee or Yovel Years…These cycles help us to filter the endless flow of data… Obviously my great grandfather used this technique to imagine the Past – as Past Kings decisions influence whole generations, it is enough to see the constellations in each 50 years


We know that the Jews must pray each day that the Messiah should arrive that very day…And so in each generations they do have a family traditionally stemming from the Davidic House, and one of their rabbis are regarded as a Potential or Candidate Messiah. I think today it is the Lubavitcher  Schneerson family who is considered to be this messianic family. And this Legend is getting ever stronger since  the Eighteenth Century.


Yes, the Rabbi Yeshuah – called also Jesus –  was also a well-meaning Potential Meshiah, like all the others in each generation. But heir presence is not a fantasy, it is a physical presence. In all generations.  We only keep it  as a fantasy as the Eternal Life will be a future age when dead people get ressurected.


But this is just a-changing…I hear scientists are working on it. They have invented the principle of some technique to deep-freeze the brain. So it will not be so difficult to imagine something that is acceptable for Jews and Christians and Muslims too. To accept that the Saviour, or Soter in Greek, Jesus in Latin, or Yeshuah in Hebrew, the Mahdi of the Muslims…The Maytriah Buddha is always present…It may be the most famous appearance in the legend about Pilate…but he is present in each generation. Is that true?

Rabbi / Messiah:

Yes, we must imagine this very concretely, realistically.

My great grandfather thought that he is able to reconstruct what each generations’ Messhiah Candidate Rabbi has heard as a child about the historic stresses caused by the Kings in his age…and to what Body Parts these stresses were joined to…and what were the melodies to heal those wounds in the soul.


Oh, this is almost like looking into the heads of people in the past!  Freud has been speaking about that too…that a child always joins in fantasy each object with a Body Part and with a Family Member…So the Way of Healing, Therapy as they called it, comes about when we close our eyes and in our dreams we see a certain body part and as we are talking about our dream and we are moving our eyes…our stress is diminishing for some unknown reason.


My great grandfather gave us the task when we were little children, to play a game in which he mentioned two historical figures and we had to tell what binds them together. Generally not many people know that an ancestor of the Hungarian family Szapolyai was (through the Polish-Lithanian Yagellos) an ancestress of all the European Kingly families: the English Windsors, the French Bourbons, the Habsburgs and the Swedish Wasa family and the German Hohenzollerns (and their relatives the Russian Romanovs) all are related to this Barbara Szapolyai, the daughter of the PalatINA of King Matthias of Hunyadi…the sister of King John of Zapolya.



In essence you are claiming that each family is related to each other’s ancestral family? As these Kings are stemming all from the Biblical Davidic House as legend says…And the leading wonder Rabbis also …whom the belivers are considering to be the Messiah…they are all related…And they all have an influence reaching all their subjets…So we all inherit certain historical constellations…which are regularly quoted in melodies that are repeated year in year out…and if we close our eyes…we see Body Parts appearing…which come from those Biblical melodies that are coinciding with Opera Songs. So it seems we all survive twice in each century a Potential Messianic Coming…?



Yes, and my great grandfather told me, that this 50 years Cycle List of the Yobel Years (or Jubilees) is important because when the Messiah will be really arriving after the Ressurection will be possible…then obviously he will use this List to elect the very first Resurrecting Kings. They will ressurect together with their mistakes…so they will be healed by his hands’ touching. This is why the Meshi Ah means in Hebrew: Touch Me Bro…


How interesting! So our ancestors are kind of sleeping in us…and they may be awaken as we encounter an image or a vision or a sound…or a touching. These ancestral hormones are awaken by our present environment.


These hormones were called secretions in my age…I think. But then it is a great question which secreted hormone will dictate me at a given situation, like a demon?  Or dibook.


Our Jewish ancestors were impacted by the Non-Jewish Kingly ancestors, their contemporaries…Their tragedies, traumatic stresses are the ones that are a hindrance to the Coming of the Eternal Age of Love arriving as the messianic Age. The cousins of Queen Christina’s descendant was Frederic the Great – all stemming from this Polish-Hungarian aristocratic family / the Szapolyai-Báthory-Rákóczy-cfamily/, who were all very impulsive and anger-prone soldiers. So when the Messiah will ressurect them, he must first heal their souls.


Now I wonder…Maybe that is why I am feeling sudden surges of anger at the sight of trivial things?

It is such a shame how angry and venomous I was against men…Maybe I was angry at my Father really who left me home and went to war…maybe I converted to Catholicism, because there is a heavenly Mother image there…in contrast to the Lutheran view of only a stern Father. I feel sorry now for what I did with that poor Monaldeschi, imagining he was a traitor and Iet him executed… Am I right, you claim that for these mistaken deeds and feelings I have to stay here in your Therapy Institute?






Oh…and me…Always idolizing women…without real reciprocated love!  That I could feel only for a woman…


I believe we are in  soul brotherhood. I did the same with men. I am full of shame for this. But I do not want any therapy for this.  It does not work anyway. I have heard that after the Meshiah has arrived the old taboos and forbidden thing will not stay valid. Why cannot I just love you…we were always encouraged to love Jesus, the Meshiah.  Please I want to embrace you.


As for me I come from a mixed heritage family. So I do feel this wild greed and demanding coveting wants…not only the calm balanced Rabbi ancestors are inherited in my hormone stucture. …But…I do not have  body as yet…so how could I heal your compulsive demands?  But these demands are natural. Touch denoted acceptance by the parents. So it is a basic need.


So then it is the simplest to have sex indiscriminately. Why do most of the religions forbid that?




Because sex is an adult hormonal set up. You cannot heal the abandoned inner orphan by sex, because the children think, that sexual gestures are simply violent.  But it is true that adolescents do have sexualized fantasies even when in reality they only need a hug or a caressing accepting gesture.



I see. Now if we regard the past we all have evidently mixed ancestors from many different people.

And it gets decided in a concrete situation whether our peaceful caressing or warrior sex addict ancestors get the majority in the inner voting machine.



We cannot know for sure, who tries to influence us this way and when. Maybe for the infant level it is the vision of Body Parts that counts – or touch which means parental acceptance. I heard that had clapping also secretes oxytocsin which denotes acceptance. And this is also causing hormone level changes of feelings and outlook.


Well, if it is like this, then we should perform a theatrical play in order to get some hand clappings.

My great grandfather told me, that there are statistics about how many body part images are depicted prevalently in a specific historical period. He was looking for the melodies of each 50 year cycle , generally in operas because they were always watched by the Kings. They knew those melodies. The Body Parts are the Breast, the Back or Behind…Ear and Eye…these are mentioned most frequently…both in the Bible and in Operas. The Biblical and the Operatic songs are melting together in the air and they are influencing in a pacifying way on  a hypnotic level the particular genaration in eah cycle.…That is how we are progressing step by step from Barbarism to Civilization.

And as you see, I do not have a body as yet. So when we find a Biblical Weekly Melody coinciding with an Opera Melody we can look at the period and the contemporary Kings and the Messianic Rabbi…And I must ask him to borrow my a Body Part of him – whith the cloning techniques available this will not cause pain for him after ressurection.


I really would like to play in that comedy you were mentioning. After all we must get acquainted with the great changes in the feelings of our people since we have departed…


The biggest single change is that Christians have come to the insight that they are the Younger Brother of Jews. And they have helped to implement the prophetic dream of a man called Theodore Herzl, who has foreseen the establishment of a State of Israel in the ancient sites of the Bible.

Sissy :

Oh I have met him! It was at the marriage of the Rotschild of London in Vienna with a Hungarian Jewish gentry lady , a friend of mine ! Such a beautiful Jewish ceremony, performed by the Rabbi of Oradea, or Várad! I think his name was Kexkemett or something like that… And this Rabbi has told me there is a circle of people who think that this Herzl is a prophet and his comedies are coded messages about the fate of Mister Madame  Palestine, and Mister Europe and Madame America….


Yes, he does have  a play with these four people having coded names…It is intituled „The Fugitive”.  So as we will perform it we will have an inner transformation, that is why theatre has a therapeutical effect both  on the performers and the viewers.


Oh yes, I have heard about that… It was called psychodrama by Moreno in Paris in the XXth century…


Yes…and in Berlin it was called Family Setup…by someone called Hellinger. Because our ancestral stresses have an impact But in this version we only look at the Leaders – because our ancestors stresses are partly caused by the contemporary evil leaders…Like the Kings having a common Zapolya ancestor…and the all having a legendary Davidic ancestor who are related to the imagined Meshiah of the Future.



Yes. People belong to clusters – the subjects of the Leaders of course are related in fantasy with their Kings and also with their Rabbis…


I remember my childhood when I wanted to escape from home from the Kingly Palace with one of my best friend servants, Hans…And my kingly father’s soldiers… they have killed him…and I was put into this prison …My father never accepted me…he was only interested in playing around war games with his chosen Two meter long body guards. I felt like  a prisoner. And I always have felt this demand of closeness with a Father Figure…You, Herr Rabbi, you also give me this feeling, I so wish to be embraced…


So we have to build up my body…For  that goal  we are fortunate to have Herzl’s play a musical element. Mr Israel and Madame Palestina and the other pair Mr Europe and Miss America want to hide their love affair from before the others. So the men are hiding in the rooms of Madame Palestine behind the curtains or in the neighbouring flat…And the only way to call them (when the other woman is not at home) is by the sound of playing on the piano. And they play popular arias of Operas…So we have our tool of Time Travel by the List of Rabbi Kexquemetti…of the Coincidental Melody List Constellations of Kings and Rabbis…and the opera texts have hints of Body Parts of the contemporary Rabbis we will have to ressurect after the play.


Here we begin to read from the text of Herzl’s „The Fugitive”.

Mr. Israel is the name that was in  the original a Mr. Gerdits (which means in Hungarian the Glory of the Jews). He is the not-yet-divorced but chased-away husband  of Mrs. Palestine, /played by Queen Christina/ whose rooms we are seing on scene. Mr Israel (seeing Mrs Palestine depart for a ball secretly enters the room and hides behind a carpet – we always only see his head…/he is played by the Messhianic Rabbi./ Her maid servant, Miss America /played by Empress Sissy/ is secretly awaiting Mr. Europe (in the original Baumann)/played by King Frederic/ , from the neighbouring flat.

We have two women who are always together and want to hide their male lovers from the other woman.

They are using the piano to signal their respective secret partners…They play parts of Operas – from Aida and Fidelio and  Admetos of Haendel. Belonging to the ages of Sissy, Frederic and Christina.




We are following the scenes in which Madame Palestine leaves for a Ball. (But she feels mistrust toard the servant Miss America and wants to return early to see her with her supposed suitor, Mr. Europe, who indeed comes /played by Frederic the Great./




The Players are introduced by the Rabbi :


You, Queen Christina you will be playing Palestine von Gerdits – take this Muslim garb…

And you, dear Sissy,  your name is America Baumann, the parlor maid (USA-clothing)

Frederic the Great you will play the role of Rudi von  Europe ( with European symbols, like a Nazi arrow cross and a Soviet star)

I myself will play the former husband of Ms. Palestine , Israel Hans von Gerditz-et (with some Jewish  clothing, like a  taless, a prayer shawl)


Scene: a flat


First scene.

A room in the flat of Mrs. Gerdits, Palestina

(Gerdits in Hungarian means the Honor of  Jews.)


America (played by Sissy, on  the left in the forefront, with a wet cloth on her front, talking to herself):

Sge still does not want to depart. Please,go, I am awaiting my secret friend. (Loudly:) Mylady!

As Sissy she is asking: Really, I am called America, the parlor maid of Mrs. Palestina?

PALESTINA: (Christina is sitting, glaring at the window.):

What do you wish, Miss  America?

As Christina, aside: So, I have to play a Muslim, I am called Mrs Palestina.


Seven is past. If you do not want to be too late at that party, Mylady…

PALESTINA: (standing up, comes to the forefront to the right.)

Party! As if it would not be completely all the same for me! I really woul prefer to just stay at home.  This is my home. hy should I not stay? Do you have anything against it?


(As Christina: So I am having some doubts…Maybe they want to send me away? )


(Aside) Yes. I need this place for me and my friend.

I only wanted to say: due to my migraine you should not miss that wonderful party, mylady! Oh…It really is painful now. (She sighs). i will put some cold water cloth on it when you went away, mylady!

/We her from a loudspeaker seeing the incription/: Woodrow Wilson: “America has the endless prerogative to fulfill its Fate by Saving the World.

Sissy: So I want to occupy this place?


It seems almost as if you would want to send me away from my home?


What an idea! (Aside:) She might somehow feel my goal? How I would want to own her place?  (Loud: ) I just thought you never go to parties.


Never. I never go to such entertaining places. (Sits down.)



You never go away you never meet anyone! But you are hurting yourself by this.


What could I do in my situation? For Him..for him it is easier. But he made the mistakes. And I am angry at him, because I chased him away.


You mean your husband, Mylady?


No he is not my husband anymore. For me he does not exist any more.


And your husband…was he a kind gentleman? Mr. Israel Von Gerditz?


Yes. Oh, he had such a well-meaning, sonsorous voice, and such  warm  eyes and such illoyal heart, that criminal! Once upon a time we even loved eah other.

Christina:  Is it true that Muslims were on good terms with Jews.? Interesting…Maybe once in Andalus.


And now? Where does he live?


I think he is traveling around in Europe and America. Oh, he still goes to parties like before…My only consolation is that cannot settle with me here, and cannot marry either, he cannot make another girl unhappy. So I do not let him divorce me. I just send back his letters without opening them. To me there is no way back for him. I am not forgiving and he knows that too well. I am among those, who never commit any crime, and never forgive others for it.

As Christina: Certainly not to Jews.


And you are grieving all along your life?

(From the neighbour’s flat we hear the sound of a piano.) /Verdi: Aida /

(Nervously aside:)

My partner has given me the signaling tone (She pretends to have an acute headache.) Oh, my!


(Standing up slowly.) Do you hear it? In the neighbouring flat someone is playing the piano. It was a melody from the Aida…Maybe a young couple? The man is gazing into the blue cloud of a cigar as the woman plays the piano.  Where have all those time gone, when I could be happy with my partner too? The woman is playing along.


What woman?


Obviously his wife.

AMERICA: (smiling)


PALESTINA: (out, left, steps to the pianino.)


AMERICA: (tries to block her.) Oh, please, do not play just now, your Ladyship, I am begging you…Excuse me, but I do have a terrible headahe….(Aside) I want her to go away and so we can own this territory..(Loud) But you were prepared to go to the Ball, Madam! it will be so nice ! And we hear the Aida just now from over the wall!

You know it was first performed in 1871. Emperor Franz Josef and his wife met just then on t he Riviera in the Villa of the Rotschilds, their friends. They probably had some quarrel…because they did not particpate at the festivities in Cairo. The premiere was postponed several times, as in France there was the uprising of the workers called „Commune”. They have chased Napoleon the Third. And the great-great-nephew of Frederic the Great, William the First became Emperor in Germany, with Bismarck as his Chancellor. It was the 16th birthday of Rimbeaud the poet, who was invited to live with the family of Verlaine, his mentor in Paris. And this was the year when Marcel Proust the writer was born. And we can now listen to this Aria: „the Road of Napata”

/While we hear the melody and the historical constellation, we see Hebrew Letters and Body Part pictures dancing around./


PALESTINA: (aside) There is something behind this.


The Road of Napata from the Aida…But is is the very same melody that…


Thrugh the window we see the head of Mr. Israel (Von Gedits)  /payed by the Messiah Rabbi – we always only see his head  consisting of several portaits of different messianic rabbis or figures, among them Herzl./




Yes! The „Vaera”  portion in the Bible!  Identical with some melodies from the  Aida….It is talking about the minute when the Eternal is first showing Himself to Moshe in his new name, as Futurato or Yeah-How-We…a meaningful name…not just „God”…Rabbi Sholom Dovber is  11 years old …


PALESTINA (Aside) I want to know what she hides from me. What do they want with this stranger?  (Loudly:) God, I am listening to you and I do not respond with our pianino. Gibe me my hat and coat.


RABBI (through the window)

  1. It is a decade of the Mother…actually it is the Ear but the Ear is listening to the Breast…as the Kabbalah uses these Body Part symbols…(We see a picture of a Breast in a Hebrew letter) …Yes, because in the text of the Aida, Radames is singing: „ In my breast I feel the proud desire of fame! And Aida responding: I hear the sound of battle! ( The head of the Rabbi is pulled back, no one saw him.) /We see the picture of a Breats foating around./


I am running away. (Exits to the left.)


PALESTINA: (alone) Evidently she wants that I  should be going away. Hm, I wonder if she expects an intruder ? But she looks so honest. If  my trust will be broken,  she must leave my home. (She leaves toward the right side.)

I will come back suddenly.


AMERICA: (brings a hat and a theatre telescope from left.)

PALESTINA: (watching the window) Today there  is no foreign man standing over there.

AMERICA: (helping her) Who, Madam?

PALESTINA: (turns to her and watching her keenly. ) There is  a foreigner , I saw him first a few days ago over at the roadside. He always wears a huge black coat, always arrives at dusk and watches my windows. (Putting on her hat.) As if he would want something from someone here.



Trying to court someone? I did not see him.


AMERICA: (lightly)



You are staying all alone in the flat, America. (takes her coat) No one may enter here!  (pulls some gants.)

I hope your headache will pass…!

/An inscription and a voice: / We read in the Holy Quran: Allah will change those He is angered by into an ape or a pig.  (5:60) Those who are against the Shabbat their judgement is „be like the apes, despised!

 Christina (steps out of her role): I am angry at America and Israel.


(accompanies her to the door)

Thank you! Have  a nice evening, Mylady!


(A short pause.)


Second scene


America is all alone.

AMERICA: (coming back, she takes off the shawl from her forehead. Stepping to the window, we har a coach depart. She begins to dance merrily and steps over to the pianino and palys a few segments from the „Fidelio” of Beethoven.)

Oh I was afraid she is staying home with me. She was watching me so strangely as she departed. No, she cannot have any inkling about my intentions towards her; otherwise she would not have been speaking about a foreigner who might not even exist. Hahaha, this was kind of a testing…But where is my Mr. Rüdiger von Europe hiding? (She plas more loudly) May it be possible that he does not hear this melody from the Fidelio? Beethoven has composed it in 1799 …when Napoleon has grabbed the power after the Putch of Brumaire 19

Strange. Maybe he had to wait too long and went away? (Goes out) I will watch on his door if the key is inside the door.  (Exists left. )


Third scene


(Hans von Gerditz,- the  Rabbi –  Israel appears in the window. We only see his head. /note of translator: „Ditz” means „Glory” in Hungarian, Herzl’s native tongue.)

Hans-Israel: (quickly) As if I had ordered her leaving! /enters behind the curtain, he has no body/  This is the bedroom…Oh, my earstwhile home! This is my site! I hear steps…I will hide myself! (pulls the curtain over his head/mask.)

/Inscription – Voice: / Moses II 19:12: „and the people should be hidden behind  fence, no one should be going up to the mountain, not even touching its border. Whoever touches the mountain will die…man or animal shuld die…”

Oh, someone listens to the Fidelio! „Mein Brust voll mit Hoffnung!” My breast is full with Hope…From 1799. When my ancestors were reading the portion called by the first words of it „ Lech Lecha”!  It is telling how Abraham was sent by the Lord from Babylon to Egypt through the Land of Canaan. This is read by the small child, the future Rabbi of Lubavich , called Tzemach Tzedek, The True Sprout..he was ten years old…He knew the whole text of Torah and Talmud by heart.

/Again we see the Hebrew Letters and Body Party pictures dancing around or projected./

Fourth Scene


(Miss America arrives from left, Mr. Europe is following her.)

AMERICA: (to the right) I am very angry with you.


Because I did not appear at one at the sound of the piano?

AMERICA: Yes…You must kiss me now…



(America arrives from the left and Mr. Europe follows her.)

AMERICA: (To the right.)

I am so angry at you.


Becase I did not come at one, my sweetherat?


When I give you the signal ont he piano, you are supposed to arrive at once. We are a couple. We are secret intrzders.


But we have some conflicts too. You make me wait so I make you wait too. Tooth for  a tooth! (Wants to kiss her.)


AMERICA: (defends herself.) No kissing now!

/Sound, inscription:/ 1961, John Kennedy: “All nations should knwo that we are accepting all the price to counter all enemies to secure the success of our liberty. If the free society cannot defend the multitude of poor then we cóannot defend those who are rich either. we must follow the precept of Ishaiah the prophet:  liberate those who are oppressed! „


No kisses? Ah, I thought it is my duty to kiss you…Why are you so undriendly, America?



Because I am unsatisfied with myself.


With yourself?  I am also  unsatisfied with myself. It is because we have no important cause in our lifes.Only to influence each other.

/Inscritpion, sound:/ Augustinus : 2jews are blind to the Holy Writ, they have hanged the Saviour, killed him and so they prepared for us the supper.”


As Frederic aside: So as Mr. Europe I am angry at Jews.



Mrs. Von Gerditz regards me like if I  would be her girlfriend and I accept that game.  Rudi,  I feel I am cheating here. And she is such angel like creature! And she does not know I am cheating her.




I have smething..something sweet on  my lips…Do you want to feel it?



EUROPE: (kisses her.)

AMERICA (kicks him away.)  Oh, men are so evil!  So what was it on your lips?


A kiss. We belong to each other.


Psst, silence! (Runds to the window.)


Nu? It was the sound of coach.


Oh. It stopped here. This is Mylady coming back!  She should not see that we have occupied her hall…!




After Madame Palestina went away they step out of their Herzl role and talk to each other about their feelings in spite of they hearing of the coach returning before the house.





Oh, when I say this I must act like someone who is white from being afraid…Is it correct?

(jumps up and watches her perplexed)

Sissy :

(coming closer a step)  Frederic…

(leads her to a chair and lets her si down  Frederic also sitting)
Sissy : (just sits without eye con tact then she looks into the eyes of Frederic)
So many doubts, so many old doubts have tormented my soul…I did not even recognize myself…But     if we are here – let us talk at least…What is going on with us? There is this Voice, who has no body…that he is the Meshiah himself…that if we are reading out loud this comedy written by this Herzl…then we may eventually see everything more clearly…


Oh Sissy, you seem to be on the verge of fainting! Do you feel unwell?
Sissy: (wondering)

I do not know. – a pause –

Look, take off that coat and calm down (Kindly)
And yes, let  us talk about this comedy.  (Helping her to take off her jacket and putting it on the couch and then watching her face)  How white you are…I am so happy to see you, I have heard about your family so many times…We both have some common Hohenzollern ancestors. And they have ancestors from the Szapolyai family…

Sissy: ( reacting to the kindness with some harshness)

Let us sit down, yes. To tell you the truth, no male person has ever had this kind of magnetic effect upon me, ever. I am afraid of this.



Frederic: (passionately)

Your Royal Higness! Me too I never have had such strong feelings for a woman…It is impossible…We must be under some weird spell.
Sissy: (waving with her hand toward Frederic, who then sits back.)

If only I would be able to cry and could just suffer with my desires and I would just lay down silently in my darkened room. My feeling is as if the hot Earth would have a consciousness and would feel how the hard rocks of the mountains are ploughing her…Do not laugh at me for this strange metaphor. I have tormented myself and examined myself and then, not like a moth blindly following the light, but with determination I came to you here. As you are suffering yourself, when no one should be suffering any more…I have  a husband and you have  a wife. We both respect our partners in marriage. At least for the others sake.  And our secret longings belong only to ourselves. So what kind of passion is binding us now? We should be working through this, I feel that but I do not understand it.



But do you think I am in love with my wife? Oh,  but we did live in two different palaces. I feel myself, like the seventeen year old Prince  Frederic who fainted when his father has executed his best friend…Oh, Hans! I was unable to love anyone ever since. I still think a lot about my servant friend, Von Kotte! Hans!…Killed by my father. Because we escaped from our cold and frightening kingly home.

Sissy :

Here I am too, Empress Elisabeth called just  Sissy… Like  a little girl…They never ever allowed me to meet my friend, the Foreign Minister of Austria, Count Andrassy … Gossip had it that we were in love secretly…In reality the only person who I was interested in was Catherine Schratt…I was unable to feel anything for my husband….When I was 16 year old, I was unable to enjoy as he made love to me…I did not like to be an Empress. I escaped the Palace. I left my children to the gouvernantes. I was spending my time learning languages, Hungarian, Hebrew, Arabic…I read Kabbalists and Sufi wisdom…



Frederic: (lively:)

I also am in love and suffer from it, as I was tormented by not loving my wife and now I am tormented because I do feel love for you…But you seem to be so far away…Things change, because we are now in Therapy…Now you are here with me. I feel my heart is in a tremor…I would like to embrace the Rabbi …and maybe you too. When I first saw him my heart almost stopped in bewonderment. Sissy – The first ever woman I am supposed to learn  to love…Is it possible that this Therapy here is working?  I felt hatred towards Jews because the are like women in my eyes…but now I respect them. Som y feelings do change…We even had Jewish ancestors in the Twelfth Century, from the House of King David….Like most Christian Kings we also stem from them. And Jewish tradition teaches that we should practice self restraint. In spite of having these murderer ancestors like King David.


And in spite of being related… I still feel I am unable to offer myself. Like my heart would be closed by iron locks.


You pretend to be unable to love? You want to make me unhappy with psychology and logic?



I think we better stay just good friends, Frederic, because after these loving fervors we always set down to melancholic distance…Frederic, I am afraid of melancholy. Let us not allow our hearts to dictate to each other. Let us decide in the right way. I cannot offer any love, only friendship…I believe in real friendship.  You know, the body’s passions are not being processed by our inner child hormones…as they are not yet mature…So I am afraid from my body. Let us just stay friends. I am afraid that is all I may offer to you. And a motherly hug or caressing.



(jumps up passionately) No! We must not be afraid of sexuality any more!

Sissy :

(grabs his hands) Sire, Frédéric!  Sexuality is for mature adults. But touch and closeness expresses acceptance, parental acceptance. Passion does not help us. And we are both married.


(sits again) I must be frank. I still only have desires to be close to male friends. No, not sexuality with them. Not any more. That has changed. And some positive feelings begin to stir towards maternal figures…It is a new way for me to feel.

Sissy: (a movement almost caressing him)

Of course…You have been betrayed by your father- hurting you by that. I felt similarly towards my mother.
Frederic: (in a passionate low voice)

Sissy, but I feel that you want to offer yourself…from yourself ..to a male!
Sissy: (stuttering)

Offering? ( head bent) No, I do not have any power for that…
Frederic: (watching her and jumping up…trying to caress her hair…her neck…)

I think it is the Messhiah…who looks at me kindly…and he works on obtaining a real body..in order to be able to carress me…That sure changes the inner landscape.
Sissy: (she lets him, but then she slowly stands up, takes her jacket and gives both her hands to Frederic)

I must leave now. It is not right to behave this way…We do not know why Rabbis and Wise Muftis  and Hermits all preach that sexuality must be respected. Self discipline breeds self respect…Frederic…
Frederic: (crying passionately with his hands grasping her hands)

Oh, we must not understand everything!

No I must go. All our movements count, believe me. All those forbidden movements in the Bible…No,  a man and a woman cannot even be in the same room before marriage…Not even if I have desires of vicarious mothering and you demand vicarious fathering, by being close to other men…We cannot trust our bodies.
Frederic: (tries to hug her)

Nothing counts of the past taboos…We love each other. Yes, touch and hugging is important. That is how we can feel the parental acceptance that has been withdrawn from us when we were children….That is why we are here, playing the role of a couple.




Now you Sissy , you are stepping back into the role of AMERICA and you, Frederic into that of  EUROPE It is impossible that she (Madame PALESTINA) returns already. The Ball must still be going  on.


/And the comedy called „The Fugitive” by Herzl is now continuing till the very end of it. Until all the misunderstandings will be cleared between Mr. Israel and Madame Palestina – almost all caused by Miss America and Mr. Europe and Madame Palestina’s reluctance of trusting in Mr. Israel./





Fifth Scene.

(Palestina, America from behind.)

PALESTINA: (quickly from left.) If he intruded here that stranger, he must be still here. America! (taking her coat off.) There was no one here?

AMERICA: (perplexed.) No one. (aside) She imagines that I was with someone in her halls…

PALESTINA: (to herself) She is lying. (Loudly:) Your headache is still painful?

AMERICA (whining suddenly) :

Oh, and how.


But you took off the bandage.

AMERICA: (aside)

She does not trust me.  I was just in the process of refreshing it with  cold water.


And the piano is open.(aside) I feel there was a stranger here.


I just tarted to clean up a bit. We forget pain if we are busy working.…Madam did not feel good at the Ball?

(She opens the cover of the pianino and swiftly plays a short sequence from the opera of  Haendel  – the “Admetos”…)


I really do not need this sequence from Admetos…It is from 1754, from  Haendel…


RABBI (showing his head from behind the curtain but they do not see him)

The period when  the generation’s Meshianic Rabbi was the Lubavitcher Shneur Salman. “Only your muscled back may save my wife, Alkestis!”  King Admetos tells Heracles after his wife’s demise. (We see the picture of a muscled back from behind)



Now bring me a candle to light me. I did talk with our doorman. He told me he did see a  stranger entering the gate. That Monsieur has probably found a hiding place in my apartment.


A thief?  Or a criminal who has no right to be present here?


No, I have the feeling that he is not a simple thief. Otherwise I would have told the doorman to come with me as a  defence . Now get me some light!

AMERICA: (whingingly she switches on a pocket lighter.) You are so unjust toward me, Mylady.  No intrusion by any stranger could happen here. (Aside:) We are not strangers here.


We’ll see promptly. ( leading the was to the right and returning at once. )


Well, now you saw it, Mylady!

PALESTINA: (leading the way to the left ) Let us con tinue there! (She disappears to the left when we hear a loud cry behind  America )


Sixth scene

(America, Palestina watching, as Israel pulls off the curtain and shows his head/mask.)

AMERICA (steps forward , looks astonished at the right.):

Mylady, I am innocent. I do not know what happened.  I never saw this stranger.

ISRAEL: (his head behind the curtain)

Maybe my gentleman’s  word of honor  will be sufficient that Mademoiselle had not the slightest idea of my intrusion and settling  here…

AMERICA: (almost crying)

What a gentleman-like gesture it is to  intrude to strange rooms during the night !  – Mylady I swear you on everything we hold holy, that I never knew this strange man.

PALESTINA: (regaINAd composure)

Very well, then. Me, I happen to know him.

AMERICA: (astonished)

You do know him?


Well, you may go up to your little room and put up a rag cold water rag…It looks like I was really unjust toward You. (offers a hand to shake hands.)

AMERICALaccepts her hand)

Looks like. (aside):  You are so strict  – to everyone else.


Seventh scene.

(Madame Palestina – played by Queen Christina – to the right. Mr. Israel –  the Rabbi’s Head –  behind the curtain.)


( Closing the door behind the departing America and coldly  in the posture of a stranger  she turns to  Hans Israel, pointing toward the entrance door to the left).

Adieu! You may leave at once!


I am grateful to you to have  accepted trustingly my words, Palestina.


Enough. Nothing to talk about with you for me any more. I do see your intentions. (Aside)  He wants to stay to live here in my place. Never tire yourself. There is no way for you to be excused by me.


Who has old you that I am here to beg for conciliation?  No, no, I am not here in this hour to achieve that.

PALESTINA (turns to the right.) So it is an affair of the heart? That other lady surely is very kindhearted  – this parlor maid should have been fired at once.


Seem like you are jealous.

PALESTINA: (laughing proudly.)

You are not serious. Your love life does not pertain to me. But I cannot tolerate improper ways in my house.  (Steps to the right.)

/Inscription, loudspeaker / Secretary of the Hezbollah  Hassan Nasrallah : „Le tus con tinue the struggle against the Great Satan, death to America, the the murderers of our prophets, to the grandchildren of apes and pigs, Israel.”


I gave you my word of honor. This girl has  had no inkling about my presence here. You may believe me.

PALESTINA: (sits to the couch at the right.)

So if you were not visiting my parlor maid and you do not want to achieve a hopeless conciliation either,  – so what can your presence mean ? Do you plan to settle here ? ( worriedly) Ah, I got it:  you demand the  legal divorce  – and I do accept it.


You certainly may suppose some minimal taste to suppose that I will not secretly enter here to ksurprise you with a demand of divorce. This can be done correctly through my lawyers. In writing.


That is true. – So what brought you to me?


I would like to beg of you tol et me stay here  just this one night.

PALESTINA: (standing up.)

You are crazy. My flat is not a tourist hostel.  I must ask for help from the  neighbouring gentleman.  I will throw you out.


But I will tell hi at once that we are related.


No, you cannot  provoke a scandal.


Yes, it would by highly inconvenient for me too –  because I happen to be a fugitive.


Mylord! A Fugitive?!


If your heart has ever felt anything for me, Madame PalestINA I beg you –, do defend me  as I am on t he run!


What crime did you commit?


Nothing I should redden my face for – except before you. You have chased me away because you had a dislike for my behaviors and now I am chased away again..I will explain it, but first promise me please  that I may spend the night here under your protection.

/Inscription, voice:/ Moses IV 15:37: „Make yourself Tzitziot…”

 “All the people and all language will send ten sons to grasp one Jew at the Tzizit – the show-fringes of their garment to beg from him: „Please do allow us to follow you from now on as the Futurator is with you…”

/We see picturs of praying Jews in Tzitzit and other paraphernalia – the text  on tzitzit is part of the everyday prayer liturgy three times a day./ (The players are bending themseves rhytmically as if praying together with the Jews on t he video. Just a few seconds.


I see. You may stay now. And please do explain me.  (Sits down to the left.)

ISRAEL: (from behind the curtain.) I only am begging for your staying neutral.

I am on t he run –  from a husband, who is chasing me.



Ah, it sounds quite tough! And you run around the Globe, to intrude to my territory and ask me to defend you?


I had no other choice. The gate was already closed when I wanted to go out. I was threatened by a disclosure.  It was imperative to find a hiding place. I had no idea that you are the one living here.  And with you we were living together so peacefully for such a long period…belive me:  it is highly unpleasant for me too.


So, you mean it happened in this very house?


It is the neighbour. The husband has arrived suddenly, we have not awaited him. Threatening me. Where else could I hide?


Well, just once, lastly I want to show you who is really this Madame  PalestINA von Greditz  How welcoming I am con trary to all semblance. (stepping backward.) May I prepare a cup of tea for you? (She finds the prepared set of tea from a cupboard and puts it on a small side table.) I regard you as my guest. In spite of arriving without my calling you.


No, we cartainly are not a fitting couple. You are cool, and I am hot. A glacier and a volcano. And the unawaited has happened: the glacier did not melt –


But the volcano erupts time and again carelessly.


No, do not look at me with that threatening look. Mylady do not hurt me  again , You too. .

 /Inscription, Voice:/ The Maharal of Prague (in Tiferet Israel, in Theodore Dreyfuss, Benjamin Gross: L’éternité d’Israel du Maharal, 1969):

„Seemingly the Mitzvot – prescriptions – are lowly actions, but indeed they belong to an abstract timeless world as Maimonides tells us, they are leading us to Eternity: accepting the Teaching, the Torah is always an ntrance to timelessness, created in the eternal Presence. „


This neighbour woman, your …well…acqaintance…I never ever saw her. It is true, I am so engrossed in myself that I do not care about my neighbours.  Is she beautiful? And so you are being hurt ver there? I think his name is Europe…



Now I see some new sotness on your face…your strict coldness has diminished a bit. Yes, one may realize that  we owned these treasures and lost it – and not only from the fault of one side


Over there you got sugar. Fort he salad, you see the oil.  I suggest we chat about different things but not about our common past. That will cause your ousting from here ! I do not want to be forced to welcome you here just because they are chasing you over there.


Well, what can we have as a subject then? We have not seen each other since long yeras. Mylady! You see that Wall of t Past Times? What an enchanting, Golden Age it was.   You have chasen me away, Madame Palestina and everything became so cold and depressing, I could not console myself.

/Inscription, Loudspeaker/: Abraham Jehoshua Heschel (Jewish Reflections on Death, Schocken, N.Y. 1974):

„ The meaning of Existence is by introducing the abstracted Eternity into the seconds of the Present. Space disappears. But the seconds of Time are Eternal. „


But you did find some vicarious Mommy figure quickly, n’est-ce pas?


Oh, you mean…well, there were thousands. But I did not even look at them. I had had enough of them.


And you were so happy at last finding your present lover?


My present lover?


What a memory for a fugitive! How about the Lady of the Neighbouring flat? !


Oh, of course . (Aside) I canot tell her the truth: that i cannot live without her.


I am disappointed in You. I imagINAd that a powerful man like you has a more movemented way of life. I imagINAd a heap of broken hearts around you.


Oh, when I reflect on our Past, Madame Palestina …Such a glittering Gilded Age we have had together. What I found painfl was only that – pardon me the expression – Mylady was so frugally dispensing our kindness.


(in a dremay voice)

Not everyone is able to express her feelings in words.


Do I get it clearly?

PALESTINA: (coldly)

There are cold characters , maybe they have some eraly hurt – but for them the tiny unwise loving gestures are alien – maybe they are simply unable to reciprocate real loving feelings.

/Inscripion, Loudspeaker/: Al-Sudajis told us: We know that the evil Jews were unbelievers…idolizing calves, killing Prophets…the trash of humanity, who are achanged into apes and pigs by Allah. „


I remember before my marriage, a friend of mINA has told me about his newfound married life. His wife used to call him „my dumb little Fritzi”…He was so touched by this kind gesture. And he was not dumb a t all. Even when someone is kindly disapproving of you, it is still a real feeling. – But You, Mylady, you have never called me „dumb little Hans” – and still I turned out to be so dumb : someone who cannot cherish his  luck. Yes, those cold and restraINAd characters, PalestINA! Instead you should chastise me! At once I would feel accepted after all!

/Inscription, Voice:/ Rabbi Hiyya and  Rabbi Yannai discussing Moses I 28-12:

Angels were going up and down the ladder. The other one aid, they went up and down on Yakov. Meaning they were praising and chastising Yakov.  (Midrash, Bereshit rabba 68,12)


PALESTINA: (wonderingly going up and down.) What do you want from me?


Please do tell it to me, Palestina : did we not have a Golden Age together?  We loved each other. Or at least: I was in love with you! And you could have forgiven me my one and only mistaken step if you could feel love toward me. Love is forgiving. The warmth of just one of us ccould have warmed as both. And if now, as I had tor un to you as a fugitive you could be able tol et me dwell longer in your enchanting gardens, and you would play me that ancient melody on your pianino… – (he closes his eyes.)


PALESTINA: (sits to the pianíno and plays from  Monteverdi  “Orfeo” .)

/Inscription, loudspeaker:/ The Lubavitcher Rabbi Dov Baer:

„All souls may raise to the roots of the Source from which they were taken if the soul starts to sing a song.” (Schachter-Hoffmann: Sparks of Light, Shambala Boulder London, 1983)

 Jeremiah 13:17

 „My eyes are full of tears as the herd of the Creator is captive!”

(in: Moshe Idel, Studies in Kabbalah, State Univ. Of N.Y. Albany, 1988)


Yes, yes…That is it…Oh, such a sweet melody…It is from the Orfeo of Monteverdi I suppose…He composed it in 1619…The French King, Louis XIII. had just his 18-th birthday…”Other women are infidels…so they don’t hurt my soul” – (We are seeing a picture of a Breast …Slowly the Head of the  Rabbi is turning closer to the woman and sighs a kiss on her hair from behind.) I will tell you a tale   – arabbi who was the contemporary of  Mon teverdi : Yishayah Horowitz… from Prague…a follower of the great golem-maker Maharal has decided to leave Europe and move over to Palestina…where he was imprisoned for            ransom by the Muslim Caliph. It was the week when they are reading Metzora before Passover…It describes how leprosy attacks someone who says unkind words about anyone…so that he must shave himself and leave the Holy Camp for seven days.

(someone is ringing the bell outside to the left .)


What an impertinence! Depart from my precincts or I will call to others to throw you out


So you do not feel any mercy for a fugitive?


(the bell rings again.) What can it mean? Someone rings the bell?

No, stay there! – I will deal with it myself – (goes to the back the main entrance. The door stays open) Who is that?

EUROPE: ( from outside.)

I am your neighbur, Madame. My name is Rudi from Europe…


(worried.) Some Rude European…The neighbour. The husband…Hide behind that curtain quickly. Here he must be searching for you! Found your trace somehow!  Stay there (showing him) behind that curtain. (Hiding him.)


Thank you.


Eighth scene

(Israel hidden behind the curtain. Miss Palestina and Mr. Europe arive from behind.)


EUROPE: (excited from left)

Excuse me. (He sneezes) Mylady pardon me to burst in at such a late hour to your salon…(sneezes). I am your neighbour, my name is Rudi von Europe. (looks searchingly around.)

PALESTINA: (composed at right.) Enchantée!


I must explain it– (sneezing) NoI am feeling unhappy. (sneezing) I got this cold in the staircase when I was hiding there and almost arrived to catch this alien intruder.

PALESTINA: (catches a foteuil in a cramped movement.)

I do not follw you.


At once. (Sneezes.) A wondrous being I fell in love with – more than myself– and this si something already…This being has shamefully  tricked me. So I implore you to give an answer to just one question: hasanyone visited you today? Please excuse me my impertINAnce  – but the happyness of my whole life depends from this answer, as the two of us are one together  – Is anyone as guest in your salon, mylady? How I did believe that this sweet being is my better self and now it will turn out that a stranger who has intruded to your precincts is somehow related to her…Oh…(sneezes)

PALESTINA: (perplexed)

I do not receive guests at this late time.

EUROPE: (wheezing, swallowing his tears)

I thought so…On t he staircase – (sneezingThe doorman told me that a stranger did enter indeed earlier. We only have three apartment and one belongs to the doorman.  The stranger did not enter my flat. It follows – that I wanted to catch him  at the corridor. And so I was waiting and waiting…It is quite cold outside.  (Sneezes.) Oh it is a hard blow  for me, Mylady – I will kill him.

/Inscription, Voice:/ Rabbi Yaqov has told us: This world is just the corridor for the next world. Prepare yourself for the Ball in the corridor. prapere by truning back from your mistakes. (Mishna Abot 4. 16.)

PALESTINA: (frightened)

No one is here.


But when I have heard you playing the piano, I was thinking – (sneezes) to ask you if he is here he might be a hiding fugitive.


Buta s I have already told you–


Maybe you do not know about him here ! An intruder  may be hidden here! (By chance he steps towards the curtain.)

ISRAEL  (his head apperas):

Too hot …it becomes here for me too hot.


Ah! (whhezing.)

PALESTINA: (crying she jumps between the two men and covers the head of Israel.)



Mylord, what are you doing here?


It is none of your business!


Really? So you have no idea, who I might be? I am Rudi von Europe, the neighbor. (sneezes.)


You should drink some tea, you seem to have caught a cold.

/Inscription, Sound: / Jeremiah 8: 23

„Oh, if only my eyes would turn into a source of tears, to wheep day and night for the murdered  daughtersof my people!”

PALESTINA: ( whispering to Israel) Do not provoke him! Maybe he wants to kill you.


Mylady has had no hint about your presence here. I recognize you. You are the one standing in guard here on t he pavement at the other side when dusk falls. You are either a common criminal, or else – you want something from my fiancée. (sneezes)

Inscription, loudspeaker: / Saint John of Golden Mouth Chrysostom (344-407 C.E.) :”Jews are offering their childen to Satan, like wild animals. Synagohgues are the encampments of demons and idol worshippers, where the Murderers of the Meshiah gather…they are drunkards like the lusting goat and pigs…for having killed the Meshiah they will be esclaves forever as God hates them and abandonned them. „


To your health. No I am not a common criminal.


So..you have been visiting a lady?


How clearsighted you are.


So you are not even denying it? It could not have been Mylady. Who else then?


Well, try to find out!

PALESTINA: (suddenly she feels enlightened.) No I see ! My parlor maid!

EUROPE: (angrily) I want to see her eye to eye!

PALESTINA: (quickly stepping to the side door, crying outwards )

Miss America! Could you mind coming in please, Miss America!


(And here we will have a last scene in which Madame Palestine pressures Miss America to say that indeed she was receiving Mr. Israel, because she fears that otherwise Mr. Europe will hirt Israel…But when Europe asks for the engagement ring he gave to America – everything becomes clear…and Palestine accepts her fugitive straying husband, Israel, back. She is calling him „my sweet dumb Hans”)


Ninth scene


America enters. Europe stands in the right corner ont he let side of Mrs. palestine, the Head of israel in the left corner behind a curtain, America stands ont he right side of the room.

PALESTINA: (at the door, quickly to America) I want to dictate the negotiations. Just say  yes to everything.


Oh, so she is here!


America! This gentleman (points at Hans-Israel) was visiting yout?


Me? (aside to Americanak) This is too much what you ask from me, mylady…  How could I say that the intruder belongs to me.

PALESTINA: (aside to America) Er…it is a life or death question.

AMERICA: (loudly.) Yes. Well, i will do as instructed.


This stranger was visiting you?


Yes. Er…now the one I love will be angered – but i want to follow my lady’s orders.

EUROPE: ( his face covered by his hands in despair) (wakes up, to Israel)

If we were not in the flat of a stranger, at once I would kill you.

PALESTINA: (astonished)

After this clearing? How come it disturbs you that they belong to each otehr?


Oh, now it does disturb me really (wheezes.) Life and death.

(To America.) Oh, I am grateful to the Lord, that I received this knowledge. So you are not loving me.  (He steps between the to women.) here you are our engagemnet ring. Now give back mine!

AMERICA: (crying she pulls off her ring.)


Engagement ring? In reality you two..you belong to each other?


Oh, i was such a fool, I wanted to marry her…But she has attached herself to this alien.…(sneezes.)


And your present wife? Who is causing your chasing him?



How come? I am not married at all. He is not running away from me-


(astonishedlya lookingt  Israel.) You– are – not married? But I was led t understand…So you are runnin g from before someone else?


I must clear this up. better to hear it from myself. (He turns toward Palestina and Europe.) Mylady please listen to my commentsTo Mr. Europe) Hans von Gerditz,  Israel is my name. Mylady, what joins me to you?


Er..he is – my husband. We have lived together for a long time, but I chased him away.

/Sound, inscription:/ Sheyk Ibrahim Madhi, Paleisten Official, imam in the Mosque shiq Idjlin in the main temple of Gaza City: „We should be turning our rmaments againts Jews, who are the enemies of God, the cursed nation in the Book of Allah. allah describes them as the descendents of pigs and monkeys as idol worshippers.”


What? You are running away from me? But why?


There are strange coincidences.  Mrs. – Palestine  von  Gedits  has decided to punish me by living separately…She has sent back my letters which tried to pacify her…So I was afraid that she may divoreóce me forever… But I cannot live without her,  I cannot live without her, so I I tried a ruse…So I sneaked in here, and I lied that I am running away from the neighbour – from you, my respected gentleman –




Because this way I hope  to stay here until morning, and so before the jury I could prove that she forgave me my once upon a time mistake – so from the divorce there would not be anything. That is all! Well, in reality I became a Fugitive because of Herself, with whom we were n love once upon a time…and I had to invent some gossip about you, in order to reconcile with Her!


Oh my beloved! And you have let yourself be accused so harshly, to help them scome together again?  (Sneezing.)


I wanted to save the renomé of Mylady.

/Sound, inscription:/ Ronald Reagan: The Prophet Ezekiel has talked about a new age: when the Earth , an empty desert will become like the garden of Eden, where ruined ciies will be lively cities again. Our dream and our challenge, and yes,our calling is to create the Golden Age of peace and brotherhood in all countries of the Middle East. Christians, Jews, Muslims, we are all the children of abraham, the children of the same creator. If ou take away this drea, you take away the strength of spirit. If we do not believe in a better future – we do not understand America…that we did believe in the Land of promises, that we are the Chosen People of the Creator.”


Such magnanimity! Give me my ring of engagement, here is mine (sneezing). We belong to each other. I am going away now. I beg our pardon a thousand times.

PALESTINA: (To America)

Please do accmpany your future bride! and leave us alone!

EUROPE: (aside to America.)

But we will not be kissing now. I caught a cold.

AMERICA (ont he same tone):

That is not painful at least. (Both exit behind.)


Tenth scene


After my shameful confession I can only depart now. But where to? The neighbour is angyra t me, and the maid goes with him. Now you may see, Paletina, I am using a brutal tool: I was an intruder in your place, to chain you to myself…But I should have accepted a compassionate gesture from your free will only…So you are free, I leave you now, we may separate. be happy, dear Palestine… (starts to exit.)

/Sound, inscription:/ Prophet Amos (Amosz 9:11-12) said: „Ont hat day I will raise the tent of David that has fallen and whose fence there were splits and I reconstruct it, liek in olden time, so that those who are called after my Name, should inherit the remnants of all the nations…”


Israel ! My sweet dumb little Israel!

ISRAEL: (turns around, hugs her.) Palestina! You are hurting me so you love me!


Now I do know how to make you stay with me – oh you..you, migrant!

(The scene changes. Sunset. We see purple clouds and the sea becoming grey…The sun is mirrored in the water)



Look, Frederic, I am not a flower created for love….My soul is struggling, darkness above and clearness down under… Maybe a special, great soul is living in me…Who could say such a thing about herself? Maybe it is a soul that is unable to love…Poor Frederic, what a pity you are discovering woman just through me…Maybe if we are arranging that drama  evening, our ancestral demons will find their due places…Maybe we could sing a few Villon poems too.

And a Petrarca,  Dante, Shakespeare, yes! Sure, our ancestral hormones will become peaceful if the hear their contemporary poems…That is wh Jews are always reciting their ancetral poems in their temples…I will bind my soul to you, and I will follow you like a ship follows the green ray of the North pole…
Sissy: (her hat in her hands)

Well, I must slowly depart…Good night, Frederic.

Good night.
My dear, let us wait a bit..They will be lending  us a few costumes from our ancestral ages…Let  us dress up in them and go to the sea in those boats…After dinner.

Yes? ( They hold each others hand)

I see you do not want to stay alone with me. You feel some doubt if it was alright to be honest with me? (pasionately)  But I do want to talk with you…You must listen to me. I was abandoned so many times. If you had seen me as I cried , falling on my face…I felt like I was robbed. I am talking to you, because you are a woman who can feel empathy…I was hurt. And then , now that I was healed by our friend , the Rabbi here…who has touched me…and my disharmony has disappeared from my soul…I found you..and you are running away – like a phantom.
(The sun disappeared, the sky is slightly reddish.)

Why do you talk about this, Frederic? Why do you say I am a phantom to you? All the grayness of this sea is in my soul now. I have so many conflicting feelings in my soul…Do you see that small purple cloud behind the mountain? I know it is just a bay – but i think it is Nirvana itself, full resting place, no memory of struggles, where greyness swallows all light and it just covers my soul…I want to walk on  the surface of the sea…walking under the sky and to stop all desires…and disappear forever!

But Sissy, remember when you told me you want to live! Live and live!

I have lived enough.

No Sissy, you must try this …try to embrace the new body of the Rabbi…of Dr. Meshiah…Maybe it is true  touch has a healing power…You must be able to love as I am able to love now!

To be able to love? Frederic, you forgot who I am? I have only my intellect, I can only feel what I can think about…My ancestors could not love either. They were kings, you know in all those rich lord’s marraiges. I was suffering so much, I could not even listen to any music…Harmony has frightened me and I wanted tor un away from any melody…But your friendship…well, it reminds me of those frightening melodies…I am deaf to my inner melody too. Look at the sea…I want to depart…—



Yes, I see what you mean…You need healing. First you must be close to a woman. Your mother deserted you in your childhood. So you did not become a woman. The dance we planned…Where woman are embracing women and men are touching other men…That is what will heal the hurt part of our ancestors…You must get maternal acceptance and I have to receive paternal acceptance in thsoe embraces.

We can ask Queen Christina to act as a vicarious mother for you…

Yes, maybe… I just do not believe in therapy you know…I would try If that could restore my capacity to love…But I think you want to embrace me with your passionately hot lips…But I am not yet ready to accept that….You have found acceptance in the embrace of the Rabbi Meshiah….he is a real father figure for you.  You might feel healed by him. But I am not yet healed.


Yes…Now that he has found a body after all  (he tries  to embrace the Meshiah) Yes, Eternal Life can be accepted only if it is filled with Eternal Love…
Sissy: (caressing her hairdo)

See how darkness swallows the light

(Dr Messhiah has recieved the Body Parts that were until now flying around….Slowly both Frederic and Sissy is embraced by him.)
Frederic: (happy) My sweetheart! (hugging the Rabbi)

Yes, now I recieved what was lacking until now…The touching of a man has healed me…
Sissy: (standing up slowly)

Yes I feel this too…Thank you (turns away).
Frederic: ( in pain)

Sissy,  you want to go away?
Sissy: (does a few steps and returns)
Frederic: (disurbed)

Sissy, I think I am able to love you now.
Sissy: (darkly)

No, no, no, I do not want to believe this. It must be some ancestral voice in you, lusting after me.
Frederic: (reaching out with both hands)

No it is not lusting. First time ever I feel attired to a woman!
Sissy: (aside)

It will pass too. (Starts toward the sea)
Frederic: (stops)
Sissy: (she steps into a boat and kicks herself away from the shore

Frederic: (looks after her and sees how Queen Christina sits up in the boat – she was hiding in it till now. )

Hey, wait for me!!
Sissy: (they sit back to back with Christina)
Frederic: (falls painfully on the shore. The Rabbi enters  and pulls him up, shows him another boat. They also sit down back to back. They follow the other boat – disappear slowly behind… )



























History visualized in graphs

Horizontal History

War is a homosexual psychose /Lloyd deMause in psychohistory.com

War has four phases: /according to Lloyd deMause in 2000 and also to the  Twenties Proust-Fans, the Szerb – Kecskeméti  Manuscript  Letters it has a 44-45 years cycle/

First: Innovative /Maternal sharing nurturing:Eye is the body part in Gnostic Solipsist folklore/

The collective fantasy wants to feel better, enjoy new innovations, but it also induces fright from well-being and success.

The Bad Boy must be punished.


Second / -Sister Years, Back in gnosticist fantasies-in the Proustian List where music invokes inherited Ancestral Stress memories) : Depressive – success is a neurotizing factor /Freud/ Cravings and not-enough feelings are proliferating.

Third: Maniac  (Fatherly – Ear periods each 44 years)


Punishing movements /including anti-gay crusades to punish the craving Bad Boy/

Fourth:War, Tension,Assassinations – Brother or Son Years /minimal prices/


Let us see some excerpts from Lloyd deMaue:




The basic patterns of evolution of childhood have begun to be traced by myself and other psychohistorians. I would like to summarize the six childrearing modes that I have suggested are common to all groups that have traversed the full path of childhood and cultural evolution so far. These modes are, in fact, quite independent of technological development. But the overall evolutionary direction of parent-child relations is, I think, evident in the historical record, regardless of what labels one chooses to put on its stages. The earliest childrearing mode I have called infanticidal to highlight the constant presence of infanticidal wishes in the parent. Real infanticide is, of course, ubiquitous in most preliterate cultures, ranging about a third or more of all children born, and evidence remains of widespread infanticide among all historical records. By historical times, census figures from antiquity show boy/girl ratios as high as 400 boys to 100 girls–a believable figure since, as Poseidippos said, “even a rich man always exposes a daughter.” I have estimated that perhaps half of all children born in antiquity were killed by their caretakers, declining to about a third in medieval times and dropping to under one percent only by the eighteenth century. Since these skewed sex ratios do not vary by economic class–the rich do away with their children at about the same rates as the poor–the evidence suggests that the parents were coping with the emotional anxieties of childrearing more than economic conditions.

That incest is also traditional in the infanticidal mode is harder to prove conclusively, since what really happened in the family bed does not often leave historical traces. Yet all the records we have suggest that this was so. Man began, after all, as an incestuous primate–along with other primates, who remain incestuous today. In most simple societies today in such areas as New Guinea, boys and girls are used sexually by both their mothers and by the men, who gang rape girls and often are also pederasts who use the boys sexually, have boy-wives, or force all the boys to fellate them daily from age seven to fourteen “in order to ingest semen to counteract maternal pollution.”

By the time historical records begin, the widespread sexual use of children is well documented. The Greek and Roman child lived his or her earliest years in an atmosphere of sexual abuse. Girls were commonly raped, as reflected in the many comedies that have scenes that were considered funny of little girls being raped. Both Greek and Roman doctors report that female children rarely have hymens–just like the Indian and Chinese girls I described above. In order to find out if your young wife was really a virgin (girls usually married before puberty to older men), one had to use mystical tests for virginity, since intact hymens were so rare.

Boys, too, were regularly handed over by their parents to neighboring men to be raped. Plutarch has a long essay on what was the best kind of person a father should give his son to for buggering. The common notion that this occurred only at “adolescence” is quite mistaken. It began around age seven, continued for several years and ended by puberty, when the boy’s facial and pubic hairs began to appear. Child brothels, rent-a-boy services and sex slavery flourished in every city in antiquity. Children were so subject to sexual use by the men around them that schools were by law prohibited from staying open past sundown, so their pedagogues–slaves who were assigned to protect them against random sexual attack–could try to see that their teachers didn’t assault them. Petronius especially loved depicting adults feeling the “immature little tool” of boys, and Tiberius was said by Seutonius to have “taught children of the most tender years, whom he called his little fishes, to play between his legs while he was in his bath. Those which had not yet been weaned, but were strong and hearty, he set at fellatio…”

Since boys in antiquity shared the experience of being buggered, Christianity constructed its central myth of the Father sending his son down to be penetrated by a soldier’s lance in order to restage the common experience of fathers giving their boys to a neighbor to be sexually penetrated. Those who accepted the myth, accepted the penetration, and were promised the Father’s love and Mary’s tears in return. Although Christianity attempted to reduce the outright killing of newborns, thus moving beyond the infanticidal mode, it continued the abandonment of children–whether by child sale or by sending to wet nurse or monastery or nunnery or foster family or to other homes as servants–which is why I labeled this second stage the abandoning mode. The refusal of parents to raise their own legitimate children was so powerful that through the nineteenth century over half of the children born in Florence, for instance, were dumped into foundling homes at birth, to be picked up by their families–if they lived that long (the majority died)–when they were around five years old, thus avoiding having homes where crying babies disturbed the peace. The same abandonment was common in France, where, in 1900, over 90 percent of the babies born in Paris were carted out to the countryside to wetnurses at birth. As one author put it, “mother love” was a late historical achievement, not an instinctual trait.

Despite the advance that just abandoning rather than outright killing your children represents, most of the other childrearing practices of antiquity continued in the middle ages, with the buggering of boys–even in monasteries–continuing to be widespread and even accepted by society. By the time boys were in their teens, they were so addicted to violent sex that they sometimes formed adolescent raping gangs that grabbed and raped any girls or young women they could find unprotected, to such an extent that the majority of women in some cities would have been raped by these gangs at some time in their lives.

The erotic beating of children continued in Christian times, because of the anxieties of living with a child who is so full of your projections. Children were experienced as always about to turn into “changelings,” those who, as St. Augustine puts it, “suffer from a demon”–which usually meant just that they cry too much, since the Malleus Maleficarum says that one can recognize changelings because they “always howl most piteously,” and since Luther says they “are more obnoxious than ten children with their crapping, eating, and screaming.”

That children with devils in them had to be beaten goes without saying. A panoply of beating instruments existed for that purpose, from cat-o’-nine tails and whips to shovels, canes, iron rods, bundles of sticks, the discipline (a whip made of small chains), the goad (shaped like a cobbler’s knife, used to prick the child on the head or hands) and special school instruments like the flapper, which had a pear-shaped end and a round hole to raise blisters. The beatings described in the sources were almost always severe, involved bruising and bloodying of the body, began in infancy, were usually erotically tinged by being inflicted on bare parts of the body near the genitals and were a regular part of the child’s daily life. Century after century of battered children grew up to batter their own children in turn. Public protest was rare. Even humanists and teachers who had a reputation for gentleness approved of the severe beating of children. Those who attempted reform did so only to prevent death. As a thirteenth-century law said, “If one beats a child until it bleeds, then it will remember, but if one beats it to death, the law applies.” As Batholomew Batty put it, parents must “keep the golden mean,” which is to say they should not “strike and buffet their children about the face and head, and to lace upon them like malt sacks with cudgels, staves, fork or fire shovel,” for then they might die of the blows. The correct way, he said, was to “Hit him upon the sides…with the rod, he shall not die thereof.”

By the thirteenth century in the West, abandonment via oblation, or the giving of young children to monasteries for sexual and other uses, was ended, the first disapproval of pedophilia appeared, the first childrearing tracts were published and some advanced parents began to practice what I have termed the ambivalent mode of childrearing, where the child was not born completely evil, but was seen as being still full of enough dangerous projections so that the parent, whose task it was to mold it, must beat it into shape like clay. Church moralists for the first time began to warn against sexual molestation of children by parents, nurses and neighbors (the mothers had previously been instructed to masturbate their boys “so their yards will grow long”). The length of time of swaddling was eventually reduced from a year or more to only a few months. Pediatrics and educational philosophy were born. Parents of means began suggesting that perhaps rather than sending their infants out to be wetnursed in some peasant village–and thereby condemning over half of them to early death–the mother might herself nurse her infant. The baby, said some mothers who began to try nursing their own babies, even responds to this care by giving love back to the nursing mother, stroking her breast and face and cooing. And if the father, as often happened, complained that his wife’s breast belonged to him not the baby, these bold new mothers suggested that the father should be allowed to hold the baby too.

These childhood reforms immediately preceded and thereby produced the humanistic, religious and political revolutions we associate with early modern times. For the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Western Europe represent the great watershed of psychogenic change, wherein vastly improved childrearing allowed at least some of the schizoid and borderline personalities of antiquity and medieval times–who regularly heard voices and hallucinated visions–to move on to the more integrated, less splitting modern neurotic personality more familiar to recent times, thus achieving Melanie Klein’s “depressive position.” The sixteenth-century watershed in childrearing allowed people to reduce splitting and feel real depression for the first time, as can be seen in the popularity of Renaissance melancholy (Hamlet’s admirable depressive guilt), the ability of Protestants to end the good mother/bad mother splitting of Mary/Eve, and the ability to internalize the projective panoply of split Catholic saints/devils into Protestant depressive guilt. With this vast improvement in childrearing–in some families at least–the modern world could begin, with the development of science, technology and democratization now being possible in parts of the West.

By the seventeenth century, the intrusive mode of childrearing began, particularly in England, America and France, whereby the child was seen as less full of dangerous projections, so it could actually be unswaddled soon after birth, not given regular enemas (which had until then been given daily from birth to remove the bad contents felt to be inside the infant), toilet trained early rather than late, hit but not regularly whipped, and punished for masturbation rather than being masturbated by adults. It eventually became unacceptable for men to go about with a mistress on one arm and a catamite on the other, though underground seduction of minors continued. Intrusive parenting, in essence, began to substitute psychological pressure for physical abuse, so that rather than whipping the child to prevent it from sin, it was, for instance, shut up in the dark closets for hours or left without food, sometimes for days. One mother shut her three-year-old boy up in a drawer. Another had a house she described as “a sort of little Bastille, in every closet of which was to be found a culprit–some were sobbing and repeating verbs, others eating their bread and water…” Another five-year-old French boy, in looking at a new apartment with his mother, told her, “Oh no, mama…it’s impossible; there’s no dark closet! Where could you put me when I’m naughty.”

Although erotic whipping of children decreased gradually, the intrusive mode required nevertheless a steady pressure on the child to “break its will” and discipline it properly. This breaking of the will began early. John Wesley’s mother said of her babies, “When turned a year old (and some before), they were taught to fear the rod, and to cry softly.” One would never know, she claimed, that children were present in her house. Rousseau confirmed that in France babies in their earliest days were often beaten to keep them quiet. Another mother wrote of her first battle with her four-month-old infant, “I whipped him til he was actually black and blue, and until I could not whip him any more, and he never gave up one single inch.” One can sense in this description of baby battering the struggle with the mother’s own powerful parent, with the baby seen as so obstinate that it “won the battle” even after being beaten. In fact, this “double image” of the child as both a powerful adult and a wicked child accounts for the merging of beater and beaten in our myriad historical accounts of child abuse. Here, for instance, is an early American father describing the beating of his four-year-old boy for not being able to read something. The child is first tied up naked in the cellar. Then, the father writes,

With him in this condition, and myself, the wife of my bosom, and the lady of my family, all of us in distress, and with hearts sinking within us, I commenced using the rod…During this most unpleasant, self denying and disagreeable work, I…felt all the force of divine authority and express command that I ever felt in any case in all my life…But under the all controlling influence of such a degree of angry passion and obstinacy, as my son had manifested, no wonder he thought he “should beat me out,” feeble and tremulous as I was; and knowing as he did that it made me almost sick to whip him. At that he could neither pity me nor himself.

This picture of the merging of parent and child, with the father complaining that he is the one “beaten out” and in need of pity, is common for the intrusive mode. Similar confusion between parent and child can be seen in the severe punishments for masturbation championed by the child-training literature since Tissot. Prior to this, children were masturbated by adults and even licked on their bodies as though they were substitute breasts. For instance, Little Louis XIII, in 1603, was described by his pediatrician as having his penis and breasts kissed by everyone in the court, and his parents would regularly make him part of sexual intercourse in the royal bed. But childrearing reformers beginning in the eighteenth century began to try to bring this open sexual abuse under control, only it was the child who was now punished for touching his or her genitals, under threat of circumcision, clitoridectomy, infibulation and various cages and other genital restraint devices. These terrorizing warnings and surgical interventions only began to die out at the end of the nineteenth century, after two hundred years of brutal and totally unnecessary assault on children’s bodies and psyches for touching themselves. Despite the reformers’ efforts, progress was so uneven that one British journalist could write in 1924 that “cases of incest are terribly common in all classes. [Usually] the criminal…goes unpunished…Two men coming out from [an incest] trial were overheard saying to a woman who deplored there had been no conviction, ŒWhat nonsense! Men should not be punished for a thing like that. It doesn’t harm the child.’”

It goes without saying that the effects on the child of these physical and psychological punishments were immense. Adults remembered that as children they had had recurring nightmares and even outright hallucinations as they lay awake at night, terrorized by imaginary ghosts, demons, “a witch on the pillow,” “a large black dog under the bed,” or “a crooked finger crawling across the room.” History is filled with reports of children’s convulsive fits, dancing manias, loss of hearing and speech, loss of memory, hallucinations of devils and confessions of intercourse with devils. Nor did the parents help their children’s mental anguish by giving them comfort. It was thought that the way for children to get over their fears was to make them face fear even more concretely, so adults used to take children on visits to the gibbet to inspect rotting corpses hanging there, while being told moral stories. Classes used to be taken out of school to witness hangings, and parents would also sometimes take their children to hangings and then beat them when they returned home to make them remember what they had seen. Even humanists, like Mafio Vegio, who protested the severe beating of children, would admit that “to let them witness a public execution is sometimes not at all a bad thing.”

The effect on the children of this corpse-viewing was of course massive. One little girl, after her mother showed her the fresh corpse of her nine-year-old friend as an example, went around saying, “They will put daughter in the deep hole, and what will mother do?” Another woke at night screaming after seeing hangings, and “practiced hanging his own cat.” Religion was a further source of terrorizing. God was said to “hold you over the pit of hell, much as one holds a spider, or some loathsome insect, over the fire” and children’s books depicted Hell as follows: “The little child is in this red-hot oven. Hear how it screams to come out…It stamps its little feet on the floor…” Various terrorizing figures were used to control the child. If you were bad, the werewolf would gulp you down, Blue Beard would chop you up, Boney (Bonaparte) would eat your flesh, the black man or the chimney sweep would steal you away at night. This need to personify punitive figures was in fact so powerful that adults actually dressed up dummies to use in frightening children. As one English writer, in 1748, explained the practice:

The nurse takes a fancy to quiet the peevish child, and with this intent, dresses up an uncouth figure, makes it come in, and roar and scream at the child in ugly disagreeable notes, which grate upon the tender organs of the ear, and at the same time, by its gesture and near approach, makes as if it would swallow the infant up.

Another writer, in 1882, described how the nurse of a friend’s child wanted to leave for the evening while the parents were out, and so told the little girl that a

horrible Black Man…was hidden in the room to catch her the moment she left her bed…[Then] she made a huge figure of a black man with frightful staring eyes and an enormous mouth, and placed it at the foot of the bed where the little innocent child was fast asleep. As soon as the evening was over…[she] went back to her charge. Opening the door quietly, she beheld the little girl sitting up in her bed, staring in an agony of terror at the fearful monster before her, both hands convulsively grasping her fair hair. She was stone dead!

By the nineteenth century’s socializing mode, some parents no longer needed to terrorize, beat and sexually seduce their children, and more gentle psychological means began to be used to “socialize” the child. The socializing mode is still the main model of upbringing in Western nations, featuring the mother as trainer and the father as provider and protector, and the child is seen as slowly being made to conform to the parents’ model of goodness. Many of the abusive practices are reduced in the home but remain elsewhere in society. While Elizabeth I was sexually seduced as a girl by her caretakers and Louis XV had Madame du Barry procure little girls for the King to rape in his royal bedroom, by the nineteenth century parents would less often commit incest themselves but still sent their children to schools where they were erotically whipped on the bare buttocks and usually buggered by the older boys and masters. As John Addington Symonds reported his experience as a boy at public school:

Every boy of good looks had a female name, and was recognized either as a public prostitute or as some bigger fellow’s Œbitch.’ Bitch was the word in common usage to indicate a boy who yielded his person to a lover. The talk in the dormitories and the studies was incredibly obscene. Here and there one could not avoid seeing acts of onanism, mutual masturbation, or the sports of naked boys in bed together.

Reformers during the nineteenth century tried to bring the rest of society into the socializing mode by legislation designed to prevent outright battering and sexual abuse of children, which of course still went on in the majority of families around them. But those who tried to oppose buggering and beating boys in schools were opposed by parents who said “It didn’t hurt me.” Those who tried to pass child labor legislation to reduce horrendous working conditions and hours were labeled Communists. And those who thought one could bring up children kindly were considered impractical visionaries.

Even so, the decrease in parental seduction and beating during the intrusive mode produced an explosion of social innovation, allowing nations to produce the democratic and industrial revolutions of the modern period. As Hanns Sachs pointed out long ago in his paper “The Delay of the Machine Age,” when people in antiquity first invented the steam engine, they dared to use it only for children’s toys. It was only after fifteen centuries of childrearing evolution that steam could finally begin to be used by less fearful and more individuated adults to provide power for the benefit of mankind. As hellfire and physical discipline were replaced by other childrearing methods, it was the socializing psychoclass that built the modern world, with its democratic, innovative and class-dominated society.

What kind of society might be envisioned by children brought up under the latest childrearing mode–what I have termed the helping mode –whereby a minority of parents are now trying to help their children reach their own goals at each stage of life, rather than socializing them into adult goals–is yet to be seen. I suspect it will be far less class-centered and more empathic of others than is the socializing modern world with which we are familiar. That helping mode children grow up to be incapable of creating wars is also becoming evident from watching the anti-war activities of my children and those of their friends who have been brought up by other helping mode parents. For war is only understandable as a sacrificial ritual in which young men are sent by their parents to be hurt and killed as representatives of the independence-seeking parts of themselves. Psychohistorians have regularly found that images on the magazine covers and in political cartoons in the months prior to wars reveal fears of the nation becoming “too soft” and vulnerable, with images of dangerous women threatening to engulf and hurt people. These regressed group-fantasies eventually produce so much anxiety that a sacrifice of innocent victims is deemed necessary, and another nation who also needs a sacrifice is located. So regular are these group-fantasies in the media that I was able to forecast, for instance, the recent Persian Gulf War months before Iraq invaded Kuwait by locating in the American media an upsurge in imagery of devouring mommies and guilty children needing punishment.

hat periodic sacrifices are in fact lawful is suggested by the regularity with which they occur, nearly every state producing a major war on the average of about every 25 years throughout the past two millennia. In between wars, periodic economic sacrifices serve to relieve our guilt for too much prosperity and to cleanse us of our dangerous economic and social progress. Depth psychology has shown that in individuals progress toward individuation and success often produces regression, including both fears of leaving mommy and wishes for maternal re-engulfment, along with fears of losing one’s self. In nations, the same thing occurs after periods of rapid change and prosperity, and is defended against by the sacrificial ritual called war.

That all social violence–whether by war, revolution or economic exploitation–is ultimately a consequence of child abuse should not surprise us. The propensity to reinflict childhood traumas upon others in socially-approved violence is actually far more able to explain and predict the actual outbreak of wars than the usual economic motivations, and we are likely to continue to undergo our periodic sacrificial rituals of war if the infliction of childhood trauma continues. Clear evidence has been published in The Journal of Psychohistory that the more traumatic one’s childhood, the more one is likely to be in favor of military solutions to social problems. Technologically, the human race is now quite able to satisfy its needs–if we can live together without violence. But unless we now employ our social resources toward consciously assisting the evolution of childrearing, we will be doomed to the periodic destruction of our resources, both material and human. To Selma Freiberg’s dicta that “Trauma demands repetition” I would only add “repetition in social behavior.” We cannot be content to only continue to do endless repair work on damaged adults, with more jails and police and therapists and political movements. Our task now must be to create an entirely new profession of “child helpers” who can reach out to every new child born on earth and help its parents give it love and independence.

Such a parent outreach movement is already under way in a few cities, and special issues of The Journal of Psychohistory have been published to document its operation. A special issue on “Changing Childhood” is the most recent to be published, showing the success of parent outreach projects in several states. The success of parenting centers such as the one pioneered in Boulder, Colorado, for instance, has been astonishing. Through parenting classes and home visiting by paraprofessionals, they have measurably reduced child abuse, as shown by careful followup studies and by reduced police reports and hospital entrance rates. All this has been accomplished with very small monetary outlays, since these parent outreach centers operate mainly with volunteer labor, while it has the potential to save trillions of dollars annually in the costs of social violence, police enforcement, jails and other consequences of the widespread child abuse of today.

Such a parent support movement would resemble the universal education movement of over a century ago. People then objected to providing universal education, by saying, “Well, yes, perhaps free education is useful for all children–but that would require hiring millions of teachers. How can we afford it?” We, too, admit that we will eventually need millions of parent helpers to teach parents how to bring up children and produce non-violent adults. But the teaching of parenting is just the unfinished half–the most important half–of the free education movement of the past, with its goal the empowerment of children to realize their innate capacities for love and work.

Changing childhood is a communal task. And it works. In 1979, Sweden passed a law saying that hitting children was as unlawful as hitting adults! Imagine the audacity! Children were people, just like adults! Parents who hit their children weren’t put into jail–that would just deprive the children of their caretakers. But the parents were taught how to bring up children without hitting them. And at the same time, high school students were taught how to bring up children without violence. By now, 20 years later, these high school students have their own children, and…surprise! They don’t hit them! To those who object to the cost of communities helping all parents, we can only reply: Can we afford not to teach parenting? What more important task can we devote our resources to? Do we really want to have massive armies and jails and emotionally crippled adults forever? Must each generation continue to torture and neglect its children so they repeat the violence and economic exploitation of previous generations? Why not achieve meaningful political and social revolution by first achieving a parenting revolution? If war, social violence, class domination and economic destruction of wealth are really revenge rituals for childhood trauma, how else can we remove the source of these rituals? How else end child abuse and neglect? How else increase the real wealth of nations, our next generation? How else achieve a world of love and laughter of which we are truly capable?

It appears we have our work cut out for us.
Information about the annual National Parenting Conference can be obtained by writing Robert McFarland, M.D., 2300 Kalmia, Boulder, CO 80304.

Lloyd deMause is Director of The Institute for Psychohistory, Editor of The Journal of Psychohistory and President of The International Psychohistorical Association and can be reached at 140 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10024. He is author of The History of Childhood, Foundations of Psychohistory,and Reagan’s America.

This article is based upon extensive primary source material fully referenced in the over 600 footnotes contained in the following sources:

1. Lloyd deMause, “The Evolution of Childhood.” in his Foundations of Psychohistory. New York: Creative Roots, 1982.
2. _____________ “On Writing Childhood History.” The Journal of Psychohistory 16 (1988): 135-171.
3. _____________”The History of Child Assault.” The Journal of Psychohistory 18(1990): 1-29.
4. _____________”The Universality of Incest.” The Journal of Psychohistory 19 (1991):123-164.

De MAuse: a short excerpt /in order to translate it into Hungarian/

caravaggio_the-musicians_1595-96Psychohistory: Childhood and the Emotional Life of Nations 
by Lloyd deMause


The purpose of this book is to reveal for the first time how the ultimate cause of all wars and human misery is the parental holocaust of children throughout history–an untold story of how literally billions of innocent, helpless children have been routinely killed, bound, battered, mutilated, raped and tortured and then as adults have inflicted upon others the nightmares they themselves experienced.

Most of what you will read here will be new, upsetting and difficult to believe, despite the extensive historical, anthropological, clinical and neurobiological evidence I will present. But after you read it I think you will be able to understand for the first time why what Kierkegard called “the slaughterbench of history” happened, where we are today in the evolution of humanity and what we can do tomorrow to bring about a peaceful, happier world.

In these pages I hope to accomplish the following ten goals:


(1) to provide a new psychogenic theory of history as an alternative to the sociogenic theories of all other social sciences,

(2) to show that childrearing evolution is an independent cause of historical change, with love as the central force in history, creating new kinds of personalities-new psychoclasses-that then change societies,

(3) to demonstrate that historical progress depends less on military conquests and more on the migration patterns of innovative mothers and “hopeful daughters,”

(4) to show how political, religious and social behavior restage early traumas, even those occurring before birth, recorded in separate areas of our minds called social alters,

(5) to show that social institutions are not just utilitarian but are also designed to be self-destructive, representing shared ways of dealing with emotional problems caused by deep personal anxieties surrounding growth and individuation,

(6) to explain how a new historical tool, fantasy analysis, can objectively discover shared emotions and group-fantasies that occur in lawful stages which determine the sequence of political events,

(7) to show that groups go to war to rid themselves of shared feelings of sinfulness and fears of disintegration, cleansing their feelings by sacrificing victims containing rejected parts of themselves,




flagellánsok Guardia-battenti

(8) to show why we need enemies, why we feel depressed when enemies disappear, and what this has to do with our periodic need for wars and economic crises whose purpose is to reduce our anxieties about success and prosperity,

(9) to show why history is now a race between too slowly improving childrearing and too fast evolving destructive technology, and

(10) to demonstrate that new ways for more advanced parents to help other parents-such as parenting centers with home visiting programs, which have been shown capable of eliminating child abuse-and allow us to avoid global genocide.

The first third of the book is devoted to describing how early personal experiences determine political behavior. It begins with three chapters describing recent American political events-the shooting of two American presidents, the group-fantasies leading up to the Gulf War and the childhood origins of terrorism-in order to show how hidden shared emotions cause political violence.

The second third of the book is devoted to detailing a psychohistorical theory of history, first as it applies to politics, secondly as it explains the causes of war and thirdly as it shows the connections between childhood and the evolution of the psyche and society.
The final third of the book is a history of how childhood in the West evolved, era by era, and how better childrearing produced new psychoclasses, who then created new social, religious and political institutions.I have tried to include in this book most of what I have learned about childhood and history during the past four decades. I would welcome hearing from you what you think about what I say here, and I promise you a personal reply to your email or letter.

Lloyd deMause
email: psychhst@tiac.net
postal address: 140 Riverside Drive
New York, NY 10024-2605

Generational Hormonal Inheritance research articles /needed for basic my claim/ (Hungarian summary at the ending.)


The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology ISSN: 1939-4594

Investigating potential hormonal associations of grandmaternal care in Jamaica

Peter B. GrayDepartment of Anthropology, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway Box 455003, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, 89154-5003, USA

Maureen Samms-VaughanSection of Child Health, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica

Citation:  P.B. Gray, M. Samms-Vaughan: Investigating potential hormonal associations of grandmaternal care in Jamaica. The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology. 2010 Volume 4 Number 1. DOI: 10.5580/104c

Keywords:  Allocare, Caribbean, childcare, oxytocin, vasopressin, prolactin, social relationships, parenting


There has been increasing scholarly interest in the role of grandmothers in human evolution and cross-culturally. An unaddressed question is the proximate mechanisms associated with human grandmaternal care. Here, we report on results of a naturalistic study conducted in greater Kingston, Jamaica designed to test for between- and within-subject effects of grandmaternal care on women’s cortisol, oxytocin, vasopressin, and prolactin levels. We recruited 25 women who lived with and provided care for a biological grandchild aged five or younger (grandmothers) in addition to 20 women of similar ages, socioeconomic status, and health status who did not similarly provide such care (controls). Women were aged 50-67 and postmenopausal. Interviews and biological sample collection took place either in women’s homes or a nearby church. While control women participated on a single day, grandmothers participated on two days: one day when they had been caring for their youngest grandchild the previous four hours, and another day when not providing such care the previous four hours. Hormonal data revealed that grandmothers had significantly higher vasopressin levels than control women, but did not exhibit differences in cortisol, oxytocin, and prolactin compared with control women. Results also revealed no significant differences in hormone levels on days grandmothers provided vs. did not provide care the previous four hours. Findings from this first study investigating hormones associated with grandmaternal care can be situated in light of the comparative physiology of affiliative behavior and methodological considerations.

Wikipedia: Arginine vasopressin (AVP), also known as vasopressinargipressin orantidiuretic hormone (ADH), is a neurohypophysial hormone found in mostmammals. Its two primary functions are to retain water in the body and to constrict blood vessels. Vasopressin regulates the body’s retention of water by acting to increase water absorption in the collecting ducts of the kidney nephron.[1] Vasopressin increases water permeability of the kidney’s collecting duct and distal convoluted tubule by inducing translocation of aquaporin-CD water channels in the kidney nephron collecting duct plasma membrane.[2] Vasopressin is a peptide hormone that controls the reabsorption of molecules in the tubules of the kidneys by affecting the tissue’s permeability. It also increases peripheral vascular resistance, which in turn increases arterial blood pressure. It plays a key role in homeostasis, by the regulation of water, glucose, and salts in the blood. It is derived from a preprohormone precursor that is synthesized in thehypothalamus and stored in vesicles at the posterior pituitary. Most of it is stored in the posterior pituitary to be released into the bloodstream. However, some AVP may also be released directly into the brain, and accumulating evidence suggests it plays an important role in social behaviorsexual motivation and bonding, and maternal responses to stress.


By Tina Hesman Saey

Web edition: March 20, 2013
Print edition: April 6, 2013; Vol.183 #7 (p. 18)

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Bobbieo/Getty Images

Now, animal studies and a smattering of human data suggest such prenatal effects could reach farther down the family tree: The vices, virtues, inadvertent actions and accidental exposures of a pregnant mother may pose health consequences for her grandchildren and great-grandchildren, and perhaps even their offspring.

Scientists have long known that radiation or certain chemicals can cause typos in a developing fetus’s genome — his or her genetic instruction book. Such mutations can get passed along to future generations in the DNA of sperm or egg cells. While exposure to sex hormones or a high-fat diet in the womb doesn’t directly change or damage DNA, those sorts of exposures can induce scribblings in the genome’s margins that can also be passed down.

The resulting health effects are not produced by altering DNA itself. Rather they stem from changes in chemical tags on DNA or its associated proteins, or to actions by RNA, another type of genetic molecule. All of these are exactly the types of changes that scientists have always assumed cannot be inherited. Their very name, epigenetic, literally means “over and above” or “beyond” genetics.

Source: M.K. Skinner/Nature 2010; Art: S. Egts

When these changes are inherited, scientists have found, the implications can be staggering. Part of your risk of disease may be determined by what your great-grandparents ate, not just the genes they passed on. Some researchers even believe that the long-lasting effects of these chemical marks helped shape human evolution.

Stuck for generations

Investigating how those marks travel to future generations is a new twist in the field of epigenetics. Originally, epigenetics researchers focused on the developmental processes that allow individual cells to specialize despite the fact that all the cells have the same DNA. It turned out that chemical tags that get stuck to DNA or to the proteins around which DNA is wound can influence gene activity without altering the genes themselves.

Some of those chemical tags highlight passages in the genome, typically so that particular genes will be turned on. Other tags work more like a censor’s black marker, redacting some genes so that they will be shut off. Chemically underscoring or crossing out different combinations of genes creates the various types of cells that populate the body.

Until fairly recently, scientists have thought that every new generation starts with its own freshly printed genome, devoid of epigenetic embellishments. That’s because shortly after fertilization, vestiges of epigenetic tags hanging from the DNA of eggs and sperm are wiped away, leaving a clean slate. New marks are made as the embryo develops, and over the course of a lifetime some can change. But then scientists began to document cases in which inheritance of a particular trait did not follow the usual rules of genetics, hinting that at least some epigenetic marks may be carried on to new generations.

Michael Skinner was among the first to document that certain chemicals could produce health effects across multiple generations without altering DNA. Exposing a pregnant rat to chemicals that disrupt the action of sex hormones could produce fertility problems that lasted at least to her great-great-grandchildren’s generation, his group reported in Science in 2005. Those problems were transmitted through the male line, apparently by way of chemical tags called methyl groups on DNA. (Many researchers study DNA methylation because it is more easily examined than other epigenetic tags, of which there are many.)

“At first everybody thought this was the greatest thing since sliced bread,” recalls Skinner, of Washington State University in Pullman. “But then the implications started to sink in.”

Introduction By Peter B. Gray. and Maureen  Samms-Vaughan


The endocrine system plays a role in one’s hormone it is made up of several glands which are the pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland, and adrenal glands also the pancreas, gonads, and parathyroids. The pituitary gland also known as the “master gland” influences one’s blood pressure, thirst, sexual behavior, and the body growth. The pineal gland helps to regulate the sleep and wake cycle. The thyroid gland regulates the body’s rate of metabolism, it also alerts and energetic people on how the body should look like as in thin or fat.   Adrenal gland has two parts the inner and outer which affects one’s body to stress. The gonads which are the testes in male and ovaries in females play a number of roles in the human development. Males between the ages 15 and 25 tend to show more aggressive behaviors while the female tends to show more signs of nesting. A parathyroid control and also helps balance the levels of calcium in the human body. Pancreas controls the level of sugar in one’s body which secrets’ two regulating hormones (Morris & Maisto 2010).
The human behavior is made up of several hormones that are a part of the genetic make- up of heredity. Heredity is already in our genes from conception. The hormones can be an uncontrollable chemical balance in one’s weight, lifestyle, and weight. The chemical sends messages to the brain which causes one to react in certain circumstances. Children inherit different things from their parents or great grandparents whether it is eye color, intelligent, or the way he or she acts. Some of these traits can reappear from generation to generation in a predictable pattern. Nucleus of each of the cells contains chromosomes which is a tiny thread like bodies that carry genes which is the basic unit of heredity. Heredity and hormones can influence an individual’s behavior.   Genes do not affect the way a person acts it affects the development and operation of the nervous system along with the endocrine…[continues]


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Grandma’s Experiences Leave a Mark on Your Genes

Your ancestors’ lousy childhoods or excellent adventures might change your personality, bequeathing anxiety or resilience by altering the epigenetic expressions of genes in the brain.

By Dan Hurley|Tuesday, June 11, 2013



And then, in 1992, two young scientists following in Freud’s and Darwin’s footsteps actually did walk into a bar. And by the time they walked out, a few beers later, they had begun to forge a revolutionary new synthesis of how life experiences could directly affect your genes — and not only your own life experiences, but those of your mother’s, grandmother’s and beyond.

McGill University

Now, at the bar in Madrid, Szyf and Meaney considered a hypothesis as improbable as it was profound: If diet and chemicals can cause epigenetic changes, could certain experiences — child neglect, drug abuse or other severe stresses — also set off epigenetic changes to the DNA inside the neurons of a person’s brain? That question turned out to be the basis of a new field, behavioral epigenetics, now so vibrant it has spawned dozens of studies and suggested profound new treatments to heal the brain.

According to the new insights of behavioral epigenetics, traumatic experiences in our past, or in our recent ancestors’ past, leave molecular scars adhering to our DNA. Jews whose great-grandparents were chased from their Russian shtetls; Chinese whose grandparents lived through the ravages of the Cultural Revolution; young immigrants from Africa whose parents survived massacres; adults of every ethnicity who grew up with alcoholic or abusive parents — all carry with them more than just memories.

Like silt deposited on the cogs of a finely tuned machine after the seawater of a tsunami recedes, our experiences, and those of our forebears, are never gone, even if they have been forgotten. They become a part of us, a molecular residue holding fast to our genetic scaffolding. The DNA remains the same, but psychological and behavioral tendencies are inherited. You might have inherited not just your grandmother’s knobby knees, but also her predisposition toward depression caused by the neglect she suffered as a newborn.

Or not. If your grandmother was adopted by nurturing parents, you might be enjoying the boost she received thanks to their love and support. The mechanisms of behavioral epigenetics underlie not only deficits and weaknesses but strengths and resiliencies, too. And for those unlucky enough to descend from miserable or withholding grandparents, emerging drug treatments could reset not just mood, but the epigenetic changes themselves. Like grandmother’s vintage dress, you could wear it or have it altered. The genome has long been known as the blueprint of life, but the epigenome is life’s Etch A Sketch: Shake it hard enough, and you can wipe clean the family curse.

Meaney pursued the question of individual differences by studying how the rearing habits of mother rats caused lifelong changes in their offspring. Research dating back to the 1950s had shown that rats handled by humans for as little as five to 15 minutes per day during their first three weeks of life grew up to be calmer and less reactive to stressful environments compared with their non-handled littermates. Seeking to tease out the mechanism behind such an enduring effect, Meaney and others established that the benefit was not actually conveyed by the human handling. Rather, the handling simply provoked the rats’ mothers to lick and groom their pups more, and to engage more often in a behavior called arched-back nursing, in which the mother gives the pups extra room to suckle against her underside.

“It’s all about the tactile stimulation,” Meaney says.

In a landmark 1997 paper in Science, he showed that natural variations in the amount of licking and grooming received during infancy had a direct effect on how stress hormones, including corticosterone, were expressed in adulthood. The more licking as babies, the lower the stress hormones as grown-ups. It was almost as if the mother rats were licking away at a genetic dimmer switch. What the paper didn’t explain was how such a thing could be possible.

single picture, a photograph of two embryos in a womb.

Needing to write a thesis in the late 1970s for his doctorate in dentistry at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Szyf approached a young biochemistry professor named Aharon Razin, who had recently made a splash by publishing his first few studies in some of the world’s top scientific journals. The studies were the first to show that the action of genes could be modulated by structures called methyl groups, a subject about which Szyf knew precisely nothing. But he needed a thesis adviser, and Razin was there. Szyf found himself swept up to the forefront of the hot new field of epigenetics and never looked back.

Until researchers like Razin came along, the basic story line on how genes get transcribed in a cell was neat and simple. DNA is the master code, residing inside the nucleus of every cell; RNA transcribes the code to build whatever proteins the cell needs. Then some of Razin’s colleagues showed that methyl groups could attach to cytosine, one of the chemical bases in DNA and RNA.

It was Razin, working with fellow biochemist Howard Cedar, who showed these attachments weren’t just brief, meaningless affairs. The methyl groups could become married permanently to the DNA, getting replicated right along with it through a hundred generations. As in any good marriage, moreover, the attachment of the methyl groups significantly altered the behavior of whichever gene they wed, inhibiting its transcription, much like a jealous spouse. It did so, Razin and Cedar showed, by tightening the thread of DNA as it wrapped around a molecular spool, called a histone, inside the nucleus. The tighter it is wrapped, the harder to produce proteins from the gene.

Consider what that means: Without a mutation to the DNA code itself, the attached methyl groups cause long-term, heritable change in gene function. Other molecules, called acetyl groups, were found to play the opposite role, unwinding DNA around the histone spool, and so making it easier for RNA to transcribe a given gene.

By the time Szyf arrived at McGill in the late 1980s, he had become an expert in the mechanics of epigenetic change. But until meeting Meaney, he had never heard anyone suggest that such changes could occur in the brain, simply due to maternal care.

“It sounded like voodoo at first,” Szyf admits. “For a molecular biologist, anything that didn’t have a clear molecular pathway was not serious science. But the longer we talked, the more I realized that maternal care just might be capable of causing changes in DNA methylation, as crazy as that sounded. So Michael and I decided we’d have to do the experiment to find out.”

Actually, they ended up doing a series of elaborate experiments. With the assistance of postdoctoral researchers, they began by selecting mother rats who were either highly attentive or highly inattentive. Once a pup had grown up into adulthood, the team examined its hippocampus, a brain region essential for regulating the stress response. In the pups of inattentive mothers, they found that genes regulating the production of glucocorticoid receptors, which regulate sensitivity to stress hormones, were highly methylated; in the pups of conscientious moms, the genes for the glucocorticoid receptors were rarely methylated.

Methylation just gums up the works. So the less the better when it comes to transcribing the affected gene. In this case, methylation associated with miserable mothering prevented the normal number of glucocorticoid receptors from being transcribed in the baby’s hippocampus. And so for want of sufficient glucocorticoid receptors, the rats grew up to be nervous wrecks.

To demonstrate that the effects were purely due to the mother’s behavior and not her genes, Meaney and colleagues performed a second experiment. They took rat pups born to inattentive mothers and gave them to attentive ones, and vice versa. As they predicted, the rats born to attentive mothers but raised by inattentive ones grew up to have low levels of glucocorticoid receptors in their hippocampus and behaved skittishly. Likewise, those born to bad mothers but raised by good ones grew up to be calm and brave and had high levels of glucocorticoid receptors.

Before publishing their findings, Meaney and Szyf conducted a third crucial experiment, hoping to overwhelm the inevitable skeptics who would rise up to question their results. After all, it could be argued, what if the epigenetic changes observed in the rats’ brains were not directly causing the behavioral changes in the adults, but were merely co-occurring? Freud certainly knew the enduring power of bad mothers to screw up people’s lives. Maybe the emotional effects were unrelated to the epigenetic change.

To test that possibility, Meaney and Szyf took yet another litter of rats raised by rotten mothers. This time, after the usual damage had been done, they infused their brains with trichostatin A, a drug that can remove methyl groups. These animals showed none of the behavioral deficits usually seen in such offspring, and their brains showed none of the epigenetic changes.

“It was crazy to think that injecting it straight into the brain would work,” says Szyf. “But it did. It was like rebooting a computer.

Despite such seemingly overwhelming evidence, when the pair wrote it all up in a paper, one of the reviewers at a top science journal refused to believe it, stating he had never before seen evidence that a mother’s behavior could cause epigenetic change.

“Of course he hadn’t,” Szyf says. “We wouldn’t have bothered to report the study if it had already been proved.”

In the end, their landmark paper, “Epigenetic programming by maternal behavior,” was published in June 2004 in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

Meaney and Szyf had proved something incredible. Call it postnatal inheritance: With no changes to their genetic code, the baby rats nonetheless gained genetic attachments due solely to their upbringing — epigenetic additions of methyl groups sticking like umbrellas out the elevator doors of their histones, gumming up the works and altering the function of the brain.

The Beat Goes On

Together, Meaney and Szyf have gone on to publish some two-dozen papers, finding evidence along the way of epigenetic changes to many other genes active in the brain. Perhaps most significantly, in a study led by Frances Champagne — then a graduate student in Meaney’s lab, now an associate professor with her own lab at Columbia University in New York — they found that inattentive mothering in rodents causes methylation of the genes for estrogen receptors in the brain. When those babies grow up, the resulting decrease of estrogen receptors makes them less attentive to their babies. And so the beat goes on.

As animal experiments continue apace, Szyf and Meaney have entered into the next great step in the study of behavioral epigenetics: human studies. In a 2008 paper, they compared the brains of people who had committed suicide with the brains of people who had died suddenly of factors other than suicide. They found excess methylation of genes in the suicide brains’ hippocampus, a region critical to memory acquisition and stress response. If the suicide victims had been abused as children, they found, their brains were more methylated.

Why can’t your friend “just get over” her upbringing by an angry, distant mother? Why can’t she “just snap out of it”? The reason may well be due to methyl groups that were added in childhood to genes in her brain, thereby handcuffing her mood to feelings of fear and despair.

Of course, it is generally not possible to sample the brains of living people. But examining blood samples in humans is routine, and Szyf has gone searching there for markers of epigenetic methylation. Sure enough, in 2011 he reported on a genome-wide analysis of blood samples taken from 40 men who participated in a British study of people born in England in 1958.

All the men had been at a socioeconomic extreme, either very rich or very poor, at some point in their lives ranging from early childhood to mid-adulthood. In all, Szyf analyzed the methylation state of about 20,000 genes. Of these, 6,176 genes varied significantly based on poverty or wealth. Most striking, however, was the finding that genes were more than twice as likely to show methylation changes based on family income during early childhood versus economic status as adults.

Timing, in other words, matters. Your parents winning the lottery or going bankrupt when you’re 2 years old will likely affect the epigenome of your brain, and your resulting emotional tendencies, far more strongly than whatever fortune finds you in middle age.

Last year, Szyf and researchers from Yale University published another study of human blood samples, comparing 14 children raised in Russian orphanages with 14 other Russian children raised by their biological parents. They found far more methylation in the orphans’ genes, including many that play an important role in neural communication and brain development and function.

“Our study shows that the early stress of separation from a biological parent impacts long-term programming of genome function; this might explain why adopted children may be particularly vulnerable to harsh parenting in terms of their physical and mental health,” said Szyf’s co-author, psychologist Elena Grigorenko of the Child Study Center at Yale. “Parenting adopted children might require much more nurturing care to reverse these changes in genome regulation.”

3 of 3


Cliford Saron, PhD, at the UC Davis MIND Institute – his group and UCSF found changes in telomeres with meditation.


Volume 36, Issue 5, June 2011, Pages 664–681



Telomerase activity is a predictor of long-term cellular viability, which decreases with chronic psychological distress (Epel et al., 2004). Buddhist traditions claim that meditation decreases psychological distress and promotes well-being (e.g., Dalai Lama and Cutler, 2009). Therefore, we investigated the effects of a 3-month meditation retreat on telomerase activity and two major contributors to the experience of stress: Perceived Control (associated with decreased stress) and Neuroticism (associated with increased subjective distress). We used mediation models to test whether changes in Perceived Control and Neuroticism explained meditation retreat effects on telomerase activity. In addition, we investigated whether two qualities developed by meditative practice, increased Mindfulness and Purpose in Life, accounted for retreat-related changes in the two stress-related variables and in telomerase activity.


Retreat participants (n = 30) meditated for ∼6 h daily for 3 months and were compared with a wait-list control group (n = 30) matched for age, sex, body mass index, and prior meditation experience. Retreat participants received instruction in concentrative meditation techniques and complementary practices used to cultivate benevolent states of mind (Wallace, 2006). Psychological measures were assessed pre- and post-retreat. Peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples were collected post-retreat for telomerase activity. Because there were clear, a priori hypotheses, 1-tailed significance criteria were used throughout.


Telomerase activity was significantly greater in retreat participants than in controls at the end of the retreat (p < 0.05). Increases in Perceived Control, decreases in Neuroticism, and increases in both Mindfulness and Purpose in Life were greater in the retreat group (p < 0.01). Mediation analyses indicated that the effect of the retreat on telomerase was mediated by increased Perceived Control and decreased Neuroticism. In turn, changes in Perceived Control and Neuroticism were both partially mediated by increased Mindfulness and Purpose in Life. Additionally, increases in Purpose in Life directly mediated the telomerase group difference, whereas increases in Mindfulness did not.

The Lancet, Volume 366, Issue 9499, Pages 1769 – 1770, 19 November 2005

<Previous Article|Next Article>

doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67719-7Cite or Link Using DOI

Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.

The concept of  music waves hypnotising in Japan:




music  therapy wiki:




44 year and other cycles /basis of my data-filtering/

Cycle Theories /not my special  newly developed heretic weekly melody cycle therapy, left to me by  the Circle of Mrs. Antal Szerb, a Proust-Fan in the 1930s Hungary – but the background of it in scientific tehories/.

The basic idea is that Agrarian Price Cycles have a – probably hormonal and inheritable – effect on each of us, and it is a cyclical effect.hence the only way to counterbalance is goes through music /having also hormonal levels/ and some ritualmelodies being also cyclical, repetitive, prone to weekly differences and hence the Weekly Therapy Melodies may neutralize the Ancestral Trauma /which we inherit from each Four Price Cycle Periods/.



Research  Price Cycles


A. L. Tchijevsky’s Theory of Price Activity and Human Activity


Image illustrates variability of Price Cycles over the years they have been observed.
(Created by Robert A. Rohde/Global Warming Art
 which looks at relation of sunspots and global warming.)

          That sunspot cycle activity paralleling Price Cycle increases and decreases in a cycle of approximately 11 years was established in the 1750s when astronomers began to make the first charts of the numbers of sunspots over time.  During World War I, A. L. Tchijevsky, a Russian professor of Astronomy and Biological Physics who continued his studies at the war front, noticed that particularly severe battles regularly followed each solar flare during the sunspot peak period of 1916-17.
To test his hypothesis that sunspot cycle influenced human activity, Tchijevsky constructed an Index of Mass Human Excitability covering each year form 500 BC to 1922 AD.  He then investigated the histories of 72 countries during that period, noting signs of human unrest such as wars, revolutions, riots, expeditions and migrations, plus the numbers of humans involved.  Tchijevsky found that fully 80% of the most significant events occurred during the 5 years of maximum sunspot activity.  (Tchijevsky’s merely noting that the 1917 Russian Revolution occurred during the height of the sunspot cycle earned him almost 30 years in Soviet prisons because his theory challenged Marxist dialectics.)

Tchijevsky divided the eleven year sunspot cycle into four social periods:
          Period 1: (approximately 3 years, minimum sunspot activity).  Peace, lack of unity among the masses, election of conservatives, autocratic, minority rule.

It is called Brother Years /or Chest Years/

pápua smink
          Period 2:  (approx. 2 years, increasing sunspot activity).  Increasing mass excitability, new leaders rise, new ideas and challenges to the elite.

Sister Years -Back

walter-pfeiffer-homotography-28 4 knives
          Period 3: (Approximately 3 years, maximum sunspot activity).  Maximum excitability, election of liberals or radicals, mass demonstrations, riots, revolutions, wars and resolution of most pressing demands.

Mother Years.Eye.

dog eye
          Period 4:  (Approximately 3 years, decreasing sunspot activity).  Decrease in excitability, masses become apathetic, seek peace.

Father Years.Ear.

Bardot decolleté mirror

Tchijevsky did not believe solar disturbances caused discontent as much as they acted as detonators that set off the smoldering discontent of the masses–discontent often channeled into war by their rulers.  Nor did he deny that even during minimum solar activity some people would rebel against intolerable conditions or that nations would seek advantage through war and conquest.  Some have since noted that the number of sunspots during any period may not be as significant as whether there is a rapid increase in the numbers, triggering unexpected passions.

Anyway, music therapy may have an effect: if we do contain some Ancestral hormonal stress-memories, we may diminish their toxic effect by a trauma-contemporary music. Each week has a majority melody /computed following some heretic relgious repetitive mantra like singing whose melodies may be contained in – trauma-contemporary – classical music too./

The Evidence: Historical Events During Sunspot Cycle Heights (1750-2000)

Below are just a small sampling of the many riots, rebellions, revolutions and wars
which have accompanied the sunspot cycle maximum or height.
Charts of sunspot numbers were first kept in 1749
See NASA’s actual monthly numbers 1749-2005

1750 – 1800

1770-75 Boston Massacre,  Committees of Correspondence and militias start forming, Boston Tea party,  Battles of Lexington and Concord got ball rolling so that from 1776-79 Independence was declared and war of American Revolution fought
1788-91  French Revolution, US Constitution written

1800 – 1900

1803-1806 Napoleon conquers Europe
1815-17  Two wars to defeat Napoleon; German, English and Serbian riots; Brazil, Chile and Argentina declare independence
1828-32 Revolts in Turkey, Mexico, Belgium, Poland, France, Britain; Virginia slave revolt
1837-40 Constitutional revolts in Canada, slavery debate outlawed in US, Texas  Independence, Boer separatists occupy African lands, British-Afghan war;  Opium War
1848-51 Revolts and revolutions in Poland, Switzerland, Paris, Vienna, Berlin, Milan, Venice, Naples, Prague, Budapest, Warsaw; US Mexican War starts; Taiping Rebellion starts
1858-61 American Civil War begins; revolts in India, Italy, China
1869-72 Franco-Prussian War; Paris Revolutionary Commune
1883-86 Big US labor strikes, revolt in Sudan, First Indian Congress meets
1893-95 Zulu revolt, Cuban revolution

1900 – 1960

1905-08 German miners, Hottentots, Turks, Indians, Honduras, Russians revolt
1916-18  World War I, Irish and Indian revolts, Russian Revolution
1927-31  Mussolini and Hitler build power on economic unrest; revolts in Vienna, China;  formation of Red Army; Spanish Republic formed; mass civil disobedience in  India
1937-40 US steel strike, Spanish Civil War, Germany and Japan start World War II,  mass civil disobedience in India
1947-51 Greek Civil War, First Israeli-Arab War, Indian-Pakistani riots, Red Army conquers China, Vietnam revolts, Korean War
1957-60 Israel invades Sinai, Hungarian uprising, Cuban revolution, civil rights  movement in US, French-Algerian war, MauMau revolt, Iraq revolt,  numerous African nations gain independence

1961-2007 – Significant Events Organized According to Tchijevsky’s Four Periods
A more detailed (though hardly exhaustive) listing of the most significant events of the last 40 years,
divided into Tchijevsky’s four periods, shows similar correlations.

Peace/Repression Period 1961-64 Cuban Missile Crisis, Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, active civil rights period
Increase Period 1965-66 500,000 troops sent to Vietnam, first big anti-war marches, first US inner city riots, China cultural revolution begins
Maximum Period 1967-69 Height of Vietnam War, peace demonstrations, worldwide student uprisings, Chinese cultural revolution continues, Czechoslovakian uprising/USSR invasion, US inner city riots, Israeli Arab war, Woodstock and height of hippy movement
Decrease Period 1970-72 Women’s movement takes off as student movement slacks off, India-Pakistan war, Nixon visits China for détente, Vietnam War winds down/Paris Peace talks, Bangladesh independence, Communist Allende elected in Chile
Peace/Repression Period 1973-75 Vietnam War ends, Wounded Knee Occupation, Chilean military overthrows Allende, Yom Kipper War and oil embargo, Nixon resigns, Greek and Ethiopian dictators deposed, Helsinki peace accords, Khmer Rouge begin Cambodian massacres, civil war begins in Lebanon
Increase Period 1976-78 Camp David Egypt-Israeli Peace accords, Pakistan military coup, war in Ethiopia and Zaire, Sandinista rebels fighting in Nicaragua, military coups in Afghanistan, first big anti-nuclear power demonstrations
Maximum Period 1979-82 Polish Solidarity takes off, US anti-tax movement reaches heights and elects Reagan, Shah of Iran overthrown, Iraq-Iran war begins, USSR invadesAfghanistan, Falklands War, Sandinistas oust Somas, Zimbabwe gains independence, big worldwide anti-nuclear and peace demonstrations
Decrease Period 1981-83 US aid to “contras” in Nicaragua, US invades Grenada, Tamils rebel in Sri Lanka, Israel invades Lebanon, Greens elected in Germany
Peace/Repression Period 1984-86 Israel withdraws from Lebanon, South Africa riots put down by government, Philippines ousts Marcos, Sikh rebellions/riots in India, US war on drugs accelerates
Increase Period 1987-88 Palestinian Intifada begins, Eastern European dissidents organize, USSR & US sign missile treaty, USSR begins pullout from Afghanistan
Maximum Period 1989-91 Chinese student uprising crushed, peaceful revolutions in Eastern Europe, dissolution of Soviet Union/end of Communist Party domination, Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait, end of apartheid in South Africa, beginnings of patriot and militia movements in US, Somalia civil war, Yugoslavia begins slaughter in Bosnia, Sandinistas lose Nicaraguan elections
Decrease Period 1992-94 Czechoslovakia divides into Czech and Slovak republics, Afghan rebels capture Kabul, protests over Waco massacre, Republicans take US congress, Mandela becomes President, Arafat returns to Palestine, Rwanda massacres begin, Los     Angeles riots.
Peace/Repression Period 1995-97 Peace process begins in Northern Ireland, Bosnia-Croation-Serbian Peace accords, Israeli-Palestinian Peace accords, FBI increases power after Oklahoma City bombing, busts of “right wing” activists, US rate of incarceration becomes highest in world, China and Northern Korea war threats mediated
Increase Period 1998-99 Peace treaty in Northern Ireland, big peace protests versus Iraq war, overthrow of Indonesia’s Suharto, India and Pakistan test nuclear weapons, US and European youth/student riots, Serbian-KLA conflicts increase and US/NATO decides to “resolve” conflict through massive bombing of the whole nation, Russian repeatedly warns of possibility of Nuclear War over the bombing, India-Pakistan skirmishes over Kashmir increase; militias burn East Timor, drive people into camps in West Timor; big and unusually violent demonstrations at WTO meeting in Seattle; rising religious strife in India and Indonesia.
Maximum Period 2000-03

Peace treaty disrupted in Northern Ireland; rioting and guerrilla war in Kosovo; land confiscations in Zimbabwe; Miami protests over Elian Gonzales; Seattle, Washington DC, Prague, Goteborg, Quebec City, Genoa and other worldwide protests vs. WTO/IMF/World Bank; rallies for and against Confederate flag in US; Israeli leader Ariel Sharon’s and Lukkid Party’s provocation of Palestinians to renewed rioting and terrorism; increasing civil war in Indonesia, Sierra Leone and Sri Lanka; overthrow of Milosevic in Serbia; Republicans and Democrats protest the U.S. Presidential elections; September 11, 2001 Terrorist attacks on World Trade Center/Pentagon and violent U.S. response; anti-war protests throughout the world; violent riots in India and fears of India-Pakistan nuclear war; quickly organizing worldwide antiwar movement against U.S. invasion of Iraq; No. Korea and Iran angrily react to Bush’s threats of pre-emptive military action.Decrease Period 2004-2006Number and size of anti-war protests slowly diminish, even as intensity of rebellionvs. Iraq occupation increases In Iraq; Muslim youth launch massive riots in France;Korea and Libya make deals with U.S.; Iran cracks down further on dissidents; Bush passes Military Commissions Act 2006 and other laws making it easier to impose martial law and jail Americans without trial; interest in legal means of change like elections and impeachment grows; Israel bombs Lebanon to little worldwide protest;First North American Secessionist conference.Peace/Repression Period 2007-2010
(Cycle 24 a little slow getting started)
Little world activism versus threatened US and Israel Middle East and Iran attacks; Bush allows one to one talks with North Korean and Iran raising hopes of peace; US/Israel find it difficult to get UN military action on Darfur;  leaders of Zimbabwe, Venezuela and Ecuador, Iran crack down on independent media, electoral and other dissidents; “Tea Party” protests and left and right wing Americans increase secession chatter

RAdiation Research


Article Citation:

David A. Juckett and Barnett Rosenberg (1993) Correlation of Human Longevity Oscillations with Sunspot Cycles. Radiation Research: March 1993, Vol. 133, No. 3, pp. 312-320.

Correlation of Human Longevity Oscillations with Sunspot Cycles

David A. Juckett and Barnett Rosenberg

An examination of past human mortality trends revealed that the mean longevity of birth cohorts from 1740 to 1900 for United States of America (U.S.) Congressional Representatives exhibited oscillations that coincided with the 9- to 12-year sunspot cycle. Cohort mean longevities were 2-3 years greater during times of low sunspot activity than at peak activity. This phenomenon was confirmed in data from members of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom Parliament and from University of Cambridge alumni. An additional longevity oscillation with a longer period was visible in the data and may also be related to sunspot cycles. The amplitude and frequency modulations in the longevity and sunspot oscillations aligned when a 20-year phase shift was incorporated. This shift requires the existence of a lag between solar changes and the affected birth cohorts. Several possible causes of the effect are discussed, in particular: radiation on primordial germ cells in developing embryos; influenza epidemics and pandemics; and weather. The size of the longevity oscillation requires that the solar effect must be considered in studies that examine longevity trends and risk estimation.


Sunspot Cycles & Their Influence On Human History
Note: color versions of these and other sunspot graphs and charts
are available in the Earth Systems Monitor:

Chart 101

Sunspot Cycles
Human History

 What Are Sun Spots:

Sunspots are seen as “small” dark spots on the surface of the sun. They are easy to observe and count if the sunlight is strongly filtered. They were first noticed (in Western record) in the year 325 BC by Theophrastus, an Hellenic scientist, and they have been counted on a regular basis since the middle of the 17th century. They come and go in cycles which average about 11 years, as shown in Chart 101 above.

These “small” dark spots are conceived by modern astrophysicists to be intense “bubbles” of magnetic energy which somehow cool down the hot gasses within so that they appear dark compared with the surrounding solar atmosphere. These “cool” bubbles are not really very small, they are quite often the size of the Earth and many times giant spots many times the Earth can be seen. Many more physical facts about them can be can be found on the NASA and NOAA websites.

A. L. Tchijevsky, a Russian professor of Astronomy and Biological Physics, noticed during World War I that particularly severe battles followed solar flares. Since the sunspots were in a peak period during 1916-17, no doubt the war and its various battles were heavily stimulated by the energies which are boiling off the Sun. Intrigued by the connection of human behavior to solar physics, Tchijevsky constructed an “Index of Mass Human Excitability”. He compiled the histories of 72 countries from 500 BC to 1922 AD to provide a strong database to articulate his correlations. After rating the most significant events, Tchijevsky found that fully 80% of the most significant human events, mostly related to war and violence, occurred during the 5 years or so of maximum sunspot activity.

Tchijevsky went on to observe that the 1917 Russian Revolution occurred during the height of Sunspot Cycle. Unfortunately, this was one of science’s most costly observations, it earned Tchijevsky almost 30 years in Soviet prisons because his theory challenged “Marxist dialectics”.

The “solar” connection to terrestrial events has been studied ever since then, but most of the focus has been on the sun itself or on the impact of the cycle on the climate, weather, agriculture, commodity markets, and other non-human phenomenon. Awareness of the human impact, which is far more significant than the well known impact of the Full Moon, has remained highly retarded. Modern humans, unlike the ancient cultures of Egypt, Sumer, Bhararti, Maya, and China, are highly reluctant to admit that their collective behavior is influenced strongly by the Sun. They prefer tobelieve that reason rules their societies.

Chart 101, above, was compiled by compressing all of the average monthly sunspot counts for the past 254 years into this simple graph to show the full range of variation in the average monthly number of sunspots. 23 distinct cycles are shown here, beginning with a peak year in 1749. This chart, and all the others used in this Section, are based on what is called the “ISSN”, which is an acronym for the “International Sun Spot Number” which is the consensus count made by observatories every day.

As can be seen in the chart, there is a great deal of variation in the average monthly counts and these in turn make quite a variation in the size and width of the 23 sunspot cycles. Note that there are three sunspot cycle peaks which did not have monthly peaks in excess of 100 and there were at least five with monthly peaks which reached 250 or more. That is quite a range for a dynamic cycle and we should expect that the effects in the solar system and in the Earth will show a similar variation. Most likely “the shadow” of the solar cycles can be readily seen in thousands of chemical, mineral, biological, and economic data series which scientists make by studying plants, minerals, and human history. And most likely “the shadow” varies considerably.

Data Sources:

The official International Sunspot Number, which is also known by NOAA as “RI”, is issued by the Sunspot Index Data Center (SIDC) in Brussels. The ISSN comes in three flavors, a daily count, a monthly average, and a yearly average. You can also use “smoothed” numbers, which round off the numbers. Astrophysicists may have a use for smoothed numbers, but for connecting the Sun with weather and human events, the simple counts and averages are generally far more appropriate. Data and plots are available from the SIDC website  or at the NOAA website

Detailed graphs of each sunspot cycle can be found at John Alvestad’s website.   These can be used for paralleling events with sunspot peaks. A great quantity of explanatory material and various sunspot numbers are provided by NASA. This webpage is useful for explaining sunspot numbers: Sunspots

A huge, ultra-wide sunspot chart which shows each year since 1749 in complete clarity can be found in the Earth Systems Monitor

History Cycle Table

The following History Cycle Table is based on the average annual ISSN sunspot number. For defining “peak periods”, one has to set a “bar” for what constitutes a “peak”. Is it 100? if so, we lose several cycles. If it is 50, we gain them all, but the periods are “fat” and include a lot of years in between years which may not be very significant. Most likely, to see the validity of the connection of sunspot peaks with human violence, it is best to set the bar “high” to narrow the number of years. If the major wars all fall within these limited number of narrow bands, it is clear that the connection is very real.

To make sure we include all sunspot cycles, the year of the maximum average sunspot count in every cycle was used to define the high point of the solar cycle. The year before and the year after it are added to define the “nominal’ sunspot peak years. For the sunspot cycles with high counts over a longer period of time, a “bar” was set at 100 and all years which were above 100 were included in the “peak” for that period.

This is an arbitrary method because the sunspots vary considerably in peak size and also because each of them has a somewhat different peak width. In truth, it is hard to generalize specifically about a sunspot peak because of the high degree of individuality and variability which they show.

This method was adopted mainly because of the thesis that human reactions are not caused so much by the absolute numbers of sunspots, but by substantial “changes” in the numbers which drive “shifts” in human mental and emotional processes By using this “dual” method for defining a peak , we have a simple, convenient way to define the periods of maximum change regardless of the numbers.

The information in the following table is of course merely illustrative. The number of wars and major economic events which “connect” with the sunspot cycle peaks are much larger than the small number of “major events” which are included here. I have omitted data for the first seven earliest cycles. Prior to the first named solar cycle, which is called Solar Cycle 1, there were at least five cycles for which there is a good consistent profile of daily counts. For students: filling these in with your own school reading and learning assignments would make a first class term paper.

Early Solar Cycle Peaks: 1704-1770

Solar Cycle 1704-1706

Solar Cycle 1716-1718

Solar Cycle 1726-1728

Solar Cycle 1737-1739

  Solar Cycle 1749-1751

Solar Cycle 1: 1760-1762

Solar Cycle 2: 1768-1770

Solar Cycle 3: 1777-1779

1776-1783 American Revolution

Solar Cycle 4: 1786-1788

1788-1791 French Revolution
1789 US Constitution adopted

Solar Cycle 5: 1803-1805 under 100 wide (1802-1806)

1803-1806 Increase – Sister /Back – Years : Napoleon conquers Europe


Solar Cycle 6: 1815-1817 under 100

1815-1817 Maximum Years, Mother/Eye Two wars to defeat Napoleon; German, English and Serbian riots; Brazil, Chile and Argentina declare independence.

Bardot older just eye

Solar Cycle 7: 1829-1831 under 100


Mother Maximal Years- Eye

Revolts in Turkey, Mexico, Belgium, Poland, France, Britain; Virginia slave revolt; the Black underground railroad begins

Solar Cycle 8: 1836-1838

1837-1840 Constitutional revolts in Canada, slavery debate outlawed in US, Texas Independence, Boer separatists occupy African lands, British-Afghan war; Opium War
1837 Mother-Maximum Major Banking Crisis in the U.S.

Solar Cycle 9 Maximum: 1847-1849

Minimum: 1843-44 /Brother – Chest/



Mother-Maximum Years

Mexican War
1848-1851 Revolts and revolutions in Poland, Switzerland, Paris, Vienna, Berlin, Milan, Venice, Naples, Prague, Budapest, Warsaw; US Mexican War starts; Taiping Rebellion starts

János Xántus flees from prison in 1851

letölt Xántus J 1844

Solar Cycle 10 /Maximum,Mother Eye Years/: 1859-1861 

Minimum/Brother/: 1856

1858 Bottom year of a depression in the U.S.
1861 American Civil War begins
1861-1865 Civil War in America, revolts in India, Italy, China

Solar Cycle 11 /Maximum,Mother/: 1869-1871 wide 1869-1872


1869-1870 Franco/Prussian War
1869-1872 Paris Revolutionary Commune

Solar Cycle 12/Maxima-Mothers/: 1882-1884 under 100

Counterbalancing Music in 1882 /Mother Years/ Tchaikovsky, Wagner, Brahms



Minimum: Brother Year 1867

1883-1886 Big US labor strikes, revolt in Sudan, First Indian Congress meets
1883 Bottom year of a major depression in the U.S.

Solar Cycle 13:/Max.Mother/ 1892-1894 under 100

Minimum: 1889

Death of Prince Rudolf

220px-Mayerling10  Rudolf

1893-1895 Zulu revolt, Cuban revolution

Maximal Solar Cycle 14: 1905-1907 under 100

/Minimum: 1901/

1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War
1905-1908 first revolts begin in Russia
1905-1908 Widespread strikes, revolts among German miners, Hottentots, Turks, Indians, Honduras
1908 Bottom year of a short depression

Maximal Solar Cycle 15: 1916-1918 just barely 100

Minimum: 1913-14

1914-1918 First World War
1916-18 Irish and Indian revolts
1917 Russian Revolution
1919 The Atom is Split

Mximum Solar Cycle 16: 1927-1929 

Minimum: 1923

1927-1929 Fabled American Bull Run ends in crash of the stock market in long slow slide which bottoms in 1933
1926 Hitler in jail for NAZI’s attempted Munich Putsch, begins writing Mein Kampf which outlines how he will lead Germany to make the world’s greatest power.
1927-1931 Mussolini and Hitler build power on economic unrest; revolt in Vienna and China; formation of Red Army; Spanish Republic formed; mass civil disobedience in India launches Ghandi’s campaign to free India

Maximal Solar Cycle 17: 1936-1938 wide 1936-1939

Minimum : 1933-34

Murder of Serbian King Alexander,friend of Proust in his youth

images 34 Alexander of serbia   416979_354135557944305_1159363119_n Proust

1936-1939 Spanish Civil War, Germany and Japan start World War II
1937-1940 US steel strike

Solar Cycle Maximum 18: 1947-1949 wide 1947-1950

Minimum: 1944-45

1946-1949 Greek Civil War, India-Pakistan riots, Red Army wins China, Vietnam revolts
1947 – 1948 Flying saucer sightings begin, saucer crashes in Roswell, NM, “shadow” government is set up inside the military industrial complex with the CIA to fight communism and hide the remains of ET
1948 Ghandi assassinated, Israel’s War for Independence
1950-1953 Korean War

Solar Cycle Maximum 19: 1956-1958

Minimum: 1953-54

1957 – 1960 Israel invades Sinai, Hungarian uprising, Cuban revolution, civil rights movement begins in US, French-Algerian war, MauMau revolt, Iraq revolt,
1957 Vietnam War begins
1958 Eisenhower recession
1960-1961 Eisenhower warns of the danger of “shadows” in the unfettered military industrial complex, Kennedy “race to the moon” begins

Solar Cycle Maximum 20: 1967-1969

Minimum. 1964

1965- 1967 Haight-Ashbury Flower Children launch the hippie movement
1967-69 Height of Vietnam War, peace demonstrations, worldwide student uprisings, Czechoslovakian uprising/USSR invasion, US inner city riots, Israeli Arab war, Woodstock and height of hippy movement,
1968 Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy assassinated , first big anti-war marches in US, first US inner city riots,
1969 First public men on Moon

Solar Cycle Maximum 21: 1978-1980 

murder of Lord Mountbatten, youth friend of Chaplin


Lord Mountbatten as Indian Vice-Roi

Minimum /Brother/Year: 1976


1978 World’s First Test Tube Baby Born, Carter Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt
1979 Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant leaks radiation
1979-82 Polish Solidarity begins, US anti-tax movement reaches heights and elects Reagan, Shah of Iran overthrown, Iraq-Iran war begins, USSR invades Afghanistan, Falklands War, Sandinistas oust Somas, Zimbabwe gains independence, anti-nuclear and peace demonstrations increase worldwide, US aid to “contras” in Nicaragua, US invades Grenada, Tamils rebel in Sri Lanka
1979-1980 US Bid to Rescue Hostages Fails
1980 Iran-Iraq War begins (lasts until next peak in 1988)
1981 President. Sadat of Egypt assassinated
1982: Israel Invades S Lebanon, Falklands War
1982 Reagan recession

Solar Cycle MAximum 22: 1988-1990

Minimum: 1986

1987-88 Palestinian Infiltada begins, Eastern European dissidents organize, USSR & US sign missile treaty, USSR begins pullout from Afghanistan
1987 Crash in World Stock Markets
1989 Tianamen Square Chinese student democracy movement crushed
1989 Protest and peaceful revolution in Eastern Bloc, dismantling of Berlin Wall,
1989-1992 Glasnost process begins dissolution of Soviet Union, end of Communist Party domination; Communist Party coup in Russia fails
1989-91 End of apartheid in South Africa, beginnings of patriot and militia movements in US, Somalia civil war, Yugoslavia begins slaughter in Bosnia, Sandinistas lose Nicaraguan elections
1990 Mandela Released, East and West Germany Re-Unite
1990 Iraqi Troops Invade Kuwait
1991 The Gulf War; multi-national forces liberate Kuwait from Iraq, Balkan Civil War begins as communist Yugoslavia collapses.

Solar Cycle Maximum 23: 1999-2001 

Minimum: 1996
1998-2000 Peace treaty in Northern Ireland, overthrow of Indonesia’s Suharto, Serbian-KLA conflicts increase and US/ NATO decides to “resolve” conflict through massive bombing of the whole nation, India-Pakistan skirmishes over Kashmir increase; militias burn East Timor, drive people into camps in West Timor; big demonstrations at WTO meeting in Seattle; rising religious strife in India and Indonesia, increasing civil war in Sierra Leone and Sri Lanka; overthrow of Milosevic in Serbia;
1999 Worldwide Y2K Scare
1999 Palestinian Infiltada re-commences after “virtual agreement” with Israel
2000 Dot-com bubble breaks; Supreme Court intrudes in the U.S. elections, throws results of Florida vote to make the loser of the popular vote into a winner of the electoral vote to become the U.S. President made by judicial interference.
2001 Attack on World Trade Center and Pentagon; War on Terrorism begins
2000-02 Peace treaty disrupted in Northern Ireland; land confiscations in Zimbabwe; worldwide protests against WTO/IMF/World Bank in Seattle, Washington DC, Prague, Goteborg, Quebec City, Genoa and other cities
2002-2003 Bush diverts War on Terrorism into personal vendetta against Saddam Hussein, massive protests demonstrate against Iraq war

Minimum /Brother Year / Autocratic intensity 2006

tv-attack in Budapest 2006:

2006 tv ostrom


Chart 102: Sunspots Cycles & Last Two Recessions

Sunspots Cycles & Last Two Recessions

 In the History Cycle Table, it is easy to see that both political and economic affairs are profoundly caught up and influenced by the “waves” of sunspot energy. The connections are even easier to spot if we see the sunspot cycle in greater detail. In Chart 102 above, just two cycles are displayed, the current one out of which we are gradually emerging and the last one which took the world on a highly transformative ride from 1988 to 1992.

The monthly average counts are shown in the jiggly line and the “smoothed” average annual curve is shown to better define the overall cycle. As we can see from this chart, the first “Bush” recession in 1991 came during the last part of Cycle 22. It was preceded, of course, by the 1987 crash in world stock markets which came just as Cycle 23 was on its way up.

The most recent “bubble” crash in 2000 initiated a recession which began almost immediately. Though Republican propagandists are now trying to convince people that the recession ended in 2001, massive job losses through to 2003 suggest that the recession did not end until, maybe, sometime during the early part of 2003. It remains arguable in July 2003 that the recession is in fact not yet over.


Chart 103: Sunspot Cycles & Major Economic Contractions 1926-2003

Chart 103: Sunspot Cycles & Major Economic Contractions 1926-2003

How strong is this historical connection between major economic downturns and the sunspot cycles? We can learn more about this connection of sunspots to economic downturns by directly graphing them together in Chart 103, above. Quite clearly, Chart 103 shows us that there is a rather strong connection between major recessions and the peaks of the sunspot cycles. There was one major exception, the last Great Depression, the bottom year of which (1933) can be seen in the trough between sunspot peaks. The next Great Depression may parallel this exception nearly to a T.

Can this historical connection be used to predict stock prices? Is there a correlation between sunspot peaks and the Dow Jones Industrials? (Dow Jones Industrials: these are select stock prices often referred to as the DJI) There is no usable connection except as a harbinger of a coming break. There is zero correlation between daily price movements and average daily sunspot numbers. Is there a connection between long term historical trends in the prices and average monthly or annual trends in the numbers of the sunspots? Not really, the only direct connection that appears is as a “breaking” signal. During a sunspot peak, the speculative Bull Run bubbles in stocks “break” and an economic recession begins fairly soon thereafter. This often leaves the stock prices headed down even while sunspots are still rising. This destroys any statistical averages which can be used for prediction.

As can be seen in the graph, there is a decidedly strong parallel between recessions and the peaks. It has been consistent throughout most of the century with one notable exception. The bottom year of the Great Depression in 1932/33 was at the bottom of the sunspot cycle. The collapse of the stock market, however, paralleled right on the peak of the solar cycle in late 1929. Stock prices slid as sunspot numbers slid, and the economy wallowed as sunspot counts reached 0.

We may be paralleling the 1929 to 1933 era. There is probably a strong tendency in this era to continue to slide after the bubble break in 2000 for a few years until all of the speculation has been squeezed out of stock prices. From the Bears, we already know that this means stock prices generally must fall yet another 35% to 75% from their levels in June 2003, depending upon the industry and the company.

This will eventually probably be the outcome of the current 25 year long depression cycle and we are likely to catch up with this inevitability in 2006 and 2007. In the meantime, most likely we are currently still buoyed up by massive subsidy stimulation, 70 years of institutional barriers, and various social security buffers. This may be enough to create a very modest “faux” bubble amidst a “jobless” economic recovery.

 Bibliography & Notes

 Section One – What This Report Is About

“25 Year Economic Depression Cycle” by Edgar Cayce, see “Return of the Phoenix Book Two: The Great Breakup” by MW Mandeville; MetaSyn Media 1999; p. 181

Mandeville, Michael Wells: “Return of the Phoenix: A Trilogy In Three Volumes“; Black Canyon Arizona: MetaSyn Media, 1999.

Mandeville, Michael Wells: “Return of the Phoenix: Book One – The Veil“; Black Canyon Arizona: MetaSyn Media, 1999.

Mandeville, Michael Wells: “Return of the Phoenix: Book Two – The Great Break-Up“; Black Canyon Arizona: MetaSyn Media, 1999

Mandeville, Michael Wells: “Return of the Phoenix: Book Three – The Prophecies“; Black Canyon Arizona: MetaSyn Media, 1999.

Mandeville, Michael Wells: “Return of the Phoenix CD-ROM“; All three volumes of the Trilogy are included in four versions: (1) elaborately illustrated in html form for reading with any web browser, (2) in Acrobat PDF documents, (3) in MS Word 7.0 (PC) documents, and (4) as MS Word For Macintosh 5.1 documents; Black Canyon Arizona: MetaSyn Media, 1999. Also available on the Iway at MichaelMandeville.com/

Sunspot Cycles, see


Cycle length before 1700


Solar cycle length 1500-1990

Several attempts have been made to extend the sunspot record back in time. Since the occurrence of low-latitude auroral displays is known to be controlled by solar activity it has been generally accepted that they may be used as proxy data in the study of the 11-year sunspot variation. Sunspot numbers prior to 1750 as well as epochs of maxima and minima have been computed from catalogues of auroral sightings from Central Europe and East Asia, but the reliability of this data set has Seen questioned (Eddy 1976). However, an improved record of the number of auroral nights for the past 500 years was published by Silverman (1992). In his presentation of the secular variation of low-latitude aurora 1500-1948 there is a clear indication of a decadal variation of the number of auroras also prior to 1750.

Silverman’s figures have been used to estimate the epochs of minimum occurrence of low-latitude auroral displays and sunspots during the interval 1500-1948 (Lassen and Friis-Christensen, 1995). It was not found justified to try to make a similar estimate for sunspot maxima, since it is known that maximum auroral frequency may be delayed several years relative to the sunspot maximum, depending on the character of the actual solar cycle.

The overlap in time between 1750 and 1948 of the auroral cycle curve derived from Silverman’s auroral frequencies with the solar cycle curve makes a direct comparison of the two curves possible. From Fig.5, in which the two time series have been plotted together (after smoothing with the Gleissman filter), it is seen that they are nearly identical within the uncertainty of the determination.

In the following we have therefore represented the complete long-term variation of the solar cycle length from 1500 to 1990 by cycle lengths derived from minimum epochs inferred from Silverman’s auroral data during the interval 1500-1749 followed by the cycle lengths derived from the already existing list of sunspot minimum epochs based on direct solar observations (Lassen and Friis-Christensen, 1995). The smoothed series of solar cycle lengths are shown graphically in Fig.6.

The Northern Lights: a clue about the real cause of Global Warming?

Jennifer McClure  j.m.mcclure@student.liverpool.ac.uk


44-year cycles: Sunspot numbers; post office revenues; wheat prices, tree rings width…


And here is a contemporary article (by Gorbanev) with the dates of spot Minima and Maxima:


Music therapy articles /in general, not my special weekly heretic version/

Music has special effects on the soul:  Laurence O’Donnell







Language is primarily processed in the left side of the brain whereas music is processed by both sides. This leads to different reactions in both infants and adults.

Also music is much more pleasant to listen to.






This eight minute song is a beautiful combination of arranged harmonies, rhythms and bass lines and thus helps to slow the heart rate, reduce blood pressure and lower levels of the stress.The song features guitar, piano and electronic samples of natural soundscapes.

A study was conducted on 40 women, who were connected to sensors and had been given challenging puzzles to complete against the clock in order to induce a level of stress. Different songs were then played, to test their heart rate, blood pressure, breathing and brain activity. The results showed that the song Weightless was 11 per cent more relaxing than any other song and even caused drowsiness among women in the lab. It induced a 65 per cent reduction in overall anxiety and brought them to a level 35 per cent lower than their usual resting rates. 

According to Lyz Cooper, founder of the British Academy of Sound Therapy, the song has been created using various scientific theories and make use of musical principles that are known to have individually calming effects. Hence these elements have been combined together by Marconi Union to make the perfect relaxing song ever. The song comprises of a sustaining rhythm that starts at 60 beats per minute and gradually slows to around 50. Thus, while listening to the song, your heartbeat automatically comes to match that beat. She even adds that it is necessary for the song to be eight minutes long because it takes about five minutes for entertainment to occur. The gaps between the notes have been chosen to create a feeling of euphoria and comfort. In addition, there are no repetitive melodies in the song which allows one’s brain to completely switch off since one is no longer trying to predict what is next. The random chimes in the song help induce a deeper sense of relaxation and the final element in the song is the low, whooshing sounds and hums, those like the Buddhist chants.

Moreover, sound therapies have been used for thousands of years to help people relax and improve health and well-being. Among indigenous cultures, music has been the heart of healing and worship. The song, weightless is ideal for unwinding and putting an end to a stressful day.

According to Dr David Lewis-Hodgson, from Mindlab International, which conducted the research, this song induced the greatest relaxation, higher than any other music tested till date. In accordance to the Brain imaging studies, music works at a very deep level within the brain, stimulating not only those regions responsible for processing sound but also ones associated with emotions. The song Weightless can make one drowsy and hence should not be heard while driving.

Richard Talbot, from Marconi Union, was fascinated to work with a therapist to learn how and why certain sounds affect people’s mood. Though he always knew the power of music, they had previously written songs using only their gut feeling.






Crime Rate reduction with a third:




Music and crime rate



by Benji Ross


The introduction of speakers playing classical music in City Mall in June 2009 has led to a steep fall in petty crime and anti-social behaviour, say mall managers.

The figures are staggering:

The number of anti-social incidents attended by city centre security guards, known as ambassadors, fell from 77 a week in October 2008 to two for the same week this year.

The number of drug and alcohol-related incidents fell from 16 in 2008 to zero this year.

The number of times the ambassadors helped shopkeepers with troublesome customers has fallen from 35 to nothing.

Originally, Central City Business Association manager Paul Lonsdale intended to play easy listening music like Barry Manilow, but found classical music more calming.

“The classical music is soothing on the ear. We try not to play anything with a beat because that is more noticeable. Classical music is known for reducing anti-social behaviour,” he said. “It is much more pleasant now. People sit in that area now because they feel safer.”

The statistics include all incidents attended by the ambassadors between Oxford Tce, Manchester, Hereford and Lichfield streets, but most incidents were in City Mall. The ambassadors were introduced in September 2007.

Senior Sergeant Gordon Spite, officer in charge of the city centre police beat section, said the music has helped transform the mall.

“The music has certainly had an effect during the day. It has created an environment that is conducive to good behaviour,” he said.

“If you go into an area that is uncared for and knocked around there is a clear message that no-one cares and you can do what you like. There are no rules. The music has had quite a calming affect on things. A more diverse group of people use it now than before











How Classical Music Can Reduce Crime, Benefit Your Mood and Increase Your Spending
by www.SixWise.com


To classical music enthusiasts, the genre needs no help in extolling its virtues, but researchers have come across some rather surprising benefits of classical music anyway. Among them is the finding that classical music has a penchant for deterring crime.


Armed with only a CD player and speakers, police units in the United States and the UK are fighting crime with classical music.

Robberies Cut by 33 Percent

In 2004 in London, England, the British Transport Police piped classical music into London Underground stations in some of the area’s most dangerous neighborhoods. After playing the music for six months:

  • Robberies were cut by 33 percent
  • Staff assaults decreased by 25 percent
  • Vandalism went down 37 percent

This is not the first time that classical music has been used to deter crime. In 2001, police in West Palm Beach, Florida installed a CD player and speakers on an abandoned building in a crime-ridden neighborhood. After playing classical music — mostly Mozart, Bach and Beethoven — 24 hours a day for about three months, shootings, thefts, loiterers and drug deals decreased.

Classical Music Makes Troublemakers Disperse

A supermarket chain in the UK has also used classical music to stop gangs of youth from congregating outside their stores.

“It is mostly easy listening music that we are playing such as Bach, Tchaikovsky, Vivaldi and Mozart. It is a novel concept, but it does work and does move people on,” said regional loss prevention manager Steve Hogarth.

After playing the classical music at the front of the store, reports of troublemakers and graffiti were dramatically reduced.

“The fact that youths hang outside the store is not a crime in itself, but the perception among staff and customers is that it is intimidating. It seems to make it a ‘less cool’ place to hang out if there is classical music playing,” said Hogarth.

Benefits for the Mind and Body

Hospitals are also exploring the use of classical music for patients, surgeons and visitors.

“Waiting rooms get one sound, a chapel gets music that’s very beautiful and reflective with a spiritual context, such as instrumental pieces from a Bach cantata. In the maternity ward, tempos will be a bit faster, and we’ll create a gentle atmosphere with cute instruments like the oboe and the harp, and include lots of lullabies. There’s documentation that the effects of classical music on mind and body are remarkable,” says Marc Rynearson, a classical programmer at DMX Music.

Soothing music like classical, for instance, is known to reduce stress and anxiety. One hospital study even found that heart patients received the same anti-anxiety benefits from listening to 30 minutes of classical music as they did from taking the drug Valium.

Some surgeons also report that classical music makes for a relaxed, efficient operating room.


Marketing experts have figured out a sneaky tool to get you to linger in a store and lose some of your ability to critically analyze your decision to make a purchase: classical music.

“I find classical music makes for a great environment in the OR,” says Dr. Sidney Stapleton. “Often, when the music’s playing, there’s less chatter, and everyone’s more efficient, you can concentrate when you need to, and the time passes quickly.”

Classical Music Increases Spending

If you walk into a store that’s playing classical music, be careful: the music is likely being played on purpose, as a tool to get you to buy more, as consumer advocate and columnist Brian Vaszily entertainingly explains in How Stores are Secretly Using Barry Manilow to Rob You.

“Music can help shape customers’ time perception, lower sales resistance and increase willingness to spend,” says James Kellaris, a marketing professor at the University of Cincinnati.

The complexity of classical music can actually make your brain work harder, causing it to overcompensate and make you feel like you’ve been in the store for less time than you actually have. Meanwhile, the music can make it more difficult for shoppers to use critical thinking in deciding whether to buy a product. The end result is spending more time in the store, buying more, and spending more money.

If you’re interested in checking out how classical music will











07/08/2001 – Updated 02:32 PM ET







Classical music on West Palm corner deters crime

WEST PALM BEACH, Fla. (AP) — A free concert of Mozart, Bach and Beethoven is being played 24 hours a day on a blighted street corner, not to enlighten the masses but to reduce crime.

Police say drug deals, shootings and thefts have dropped since the department mounted a set of speakers and a CD player on an abandoned building and started playing the music in April.

There also aren’t as many loiterers, who used to number up to 200 on weekend nights on the residential corner in Rosemary Village near downtown.

The music, sort of a “greatest hits” compilation of the three composers’ melodies from three CDs that are played in constant rotation, can be heard clearly up to a block away.

“Our main concern was, were we going to disturb some people with the noise,” said West Palm Beach Assistant Police Chief Bob Van Reeth, who heads the community response division.

But resident Mamie Durham doesn’t mind, and the neighborhood has improved. Her home is a block south of the speakers at Seventh Street and Tamarind Avenue and she can hear the music at night when the streets are quiet.

“If someone ever told me Tamarind would look like this I wouldn’t believe them,” said Durham, 80, a 60-year resident of the neighborhood. “I remember when you used to have to walk in the street because (loiterers would) be on the sidewalk. It’s cleaned up.”

Businesses have played music for years, choosing selections to attract a specific clientele or even to keep teen-agers from hanging out. But it wasn’t until recently that police used the approach to keep troublemakers away from an area.

The troubled corner has been a problem for 15 years and police occasionally increased patrols in the area for weeks at a time.

Police Chief Ric Bradshaw demanded a permanent solution after a murder in the area in March. Two Pennsylvania men took a wrong turn and one was fatally shot.

Sgt. Ron Ghianda had learned at a seminar about music being used for nuisance abatement in Texas, and he and Sgt. Patrick Flannery decided to give it a try.

They spent less than $500 for a CD player and speakers. The department also installed better lighting and cut down trees that provided shade in the daytime.

“It’s not practical to have a cop sitting there all day long,” Ghianda said. “So what do you do? How do you change the scope of the neighborhood?”

Police chose classical music because they believed it would drive away people who didn’t appreciate it and relax others enough that they would keep out of trouble.

West Palm Beach police don’t know of any other Florida law enforcement agency playing music to deter crime, but several businesses and police in Fort Pierce and Delray Beach have called the department for information.

Recent statistics indicate crime is down on the corner. Drug-related calls dropped to four from February through June, compared to 20 during the same period in 2000, according to the police department. Calls for service were down to 83 from 119 last year during those five months.

Durham and others might like the music, but not everyone shares their opinion. The music was silenced for three weeks when vandals pulled out the speaker wires and used a sledgehammer to smash the electricity meter on the side of the building.

Copyright 2001 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.









Interpersonal distance  and music






I-Space: The Effects of Emotional Valence and Source of Music on Interpersonal Distance

  • Ana Tajadura-Jiménez mail,


  • Galini Pantelidou,


  • Pawel Rebacz,


  • Daniel Västfjäll,


  • Manos Tsakiris



Listening to emotion-inducing music significantly shifts the margins of personal space in relation to unfamiliar others approaching us. Our results show that when listening to music that induces positive emotions, emanating from an embedded source (music delivered through headphones), our personal space “shrinks”, allowing others to get closer to us. In contrast, our results also show that when listening to music that induces negative emotions, emanating from an external source (music delivered through loudspeakers), our personal space “expands”, resulting in a larger interpersonal distance. Opposite effects of positive and negative emotion-inducing music in personal space were observed for both headphones and loudspeakers listening conditions when the experimenter approached the participant, but not when the participant, wearing headphones, approached the experimenter. This finding seems to indicate that the emotional context does not alter comfort distance to others when one is in control of keeping this distance.

An ample body of research has provided with evidence of the existence of boundaries between one’s near, personal space, and the space far away from the body. Neuropsychological, neurophysiological and psychophysiological studies have evidenced that sensory information is processed differently for the space near and far the body, and that there exist brain areas specialized for the processing of sensory information emanating from events occurring in the immediate vicinity of the body [27][30]. This specialization of brain areas for the near space has been considered the result of a need for larger visuomotor control in this space [31][33], but also of a need for sustaining a margin of safety around one’s body, by keeping distance between self and other individuals seen as potential predators [10][25][34][35]. In addition, far and near space are mentally represented differently. For instance, people often show a lateral attentional bias, which shifts from left to right when increasing distance from one’s body[36][38]. This rightward shift in bias from near to far space is often used to estimate the “size” of near, or personal, space [3]. Recent studies have shown that these representations of personal space are not constant, but that they are continuously updated in response to the current flow of multisensory information; for instance, tool use may result in an expansion of personal space [39]. Similarly, the representations of personal space may also be updated by emotional states; for instance, the feeling of being in a potentially threatening situation may result in an expansion of the personal space [40]. Our results provide empirical demonstration of this relation between the listeners’ current emotional state and personal space when interacting with other people. Our findings are supported by previous studies showing that personal space is influenced by claustrophobic fear, which is a pathological emotional state [3], and that the sense of one’s personal space is regulated by the amygdala [19], a brain region known for playing a key role in emotion [19][21].

Importantly, in the present study, changes in the participants’ emotional state were induced by music listening, which was not explicitly involved in the task participants were required to perform. Still, the incidental emotional state participants experienced was reflected in the change in comfort distance between participant and experimenter. A high correlation was found between the participants’ self-reported emotional state when listening to the positive emotion-inducing music and the behavioral changes in interpersonal distance both when the experimenter approached the participant and when the participant approached the experimenter: the more pleasant the experience of listening to music, the smaller the preferred interpersonal distance between participant and experimenter. This finding is consistent with the notion of emotion signals that suggest that positive emotion signals a safe environment (and hence allow for a smaller personal space) while negative emotion signals an unsafe environment (and thus calls for a larger personal space). A related interpretation comes from the emotion-as-information perspective in social psychology [10]. On this view, experienced emotions provide us with information about objects in our environment, with positive emotions pushing us towards others and negative emotions pulling us away from others [8][10], and as such, emotions can shift the boundaries of our personal space: negative emotions seem to pull us away from the individuals invading our personal space, as reflected in the increase of the comfort distance between participant and experimenter; and positive emotions seem to push us towards the individuals invading our personal space, as reflected in the decrease of the comfort distance between participant and experimenter.ImageMusic